Presidential vs. Parliamentary

By: Maddie Kieffer

What's the difference between the democracies?

There are many differences between the presidential and parliamentary political systems. The biggest one is their leaders, in the presidential democracy, the executive leader or the president is directly elected by the people who vote. In the parliamentary democracy the Prime Minister is elected directly by the legislative branch. The presidential democracy is more for the people who believe in more checks and balances. The parliamentary democracy is for people who believe in more power and who want things to be passed quickly.

Pros and Cons of the Parliamentary System:


The leader is more dynamic and responsive.

The people can easily tell if the leader doesn't follow what he says.

They are capable of preventing legislative gridlock.

It is more flexible and keeps all options open.

Since there is a prime minister there is less problems regarding legislative congestion.


It has a multiple party system.

It might not have systems and ideologies.

The prime minister might abuse their power.

Nobody can oppose its decisions.

There can be changes in the cabinet members at any time and it can hinder the functions of the government.

Pros and Cons of the Presidential System:


They are directly elected by the people.

The president could have strong powers and a lot of skill.

They can't be replaced at anytime.

The president is mor legitimate than the other leaders that were chosen indirectly.


It can destroy weak democracy.

The president is constrained to a large degree.

The winner takes all.

It doesn't have as many successful systems as the parliamentary systems.

Parliamentary vs. Presidential Democracy Explained