The Scientific Revolution

Marissa D. Allen 1st Period

What is it?

Beginning in the middle ages, most scholars published works that challenged the ideas of the ancient thinkers and the church. As these scholars replaced old assumptions with new theories, they launched a change in European thought that the historians call the Scientific Revolution.


2 causes of Scientific Revolution


  1. Medieval Christianity ~ Galileo's findings frightened both catholic and protestant leaders because they went against church teaching and authority. If people believed the church was wrong about this, they could question other church/religious ideas and teachings as well. Galileo did not heed the words of the church officials, so, in 1633, he stood before the court. Under threat of torture, he knelt before the cardinals and read aloud a signed confession, in it he agreed the ideas of Copernicus (another scientist) were false.
  2. Renaissance & reformation ~ Martin Luther (German theologian) monk, in 1517, decided to challenge the thoughts and teachings and ways of the pope which ignited a spark of the Protestant reformation.

Martin's ideas began to spread like wildfire, thanks to the printing press. The reformation laid the foundation to modern days society of individualism.
What was the geocentric theory? ~ Theory abandoned by Galileo that earth is the center of the universe. and all planets revolve around it. many say that was the reasoning for his persecution. he believed in the heliocentric (sun-at-the-center) point of view, which today has been a proven fact by other scientist, that the sun is the center of this galaxy (not universe). many people who appealed to tradition shunned this knowledge and stuck to religious and church tactics and teachings but many rebels believed and followed Galileo, but cause of his supporting facts and detailed knowledge.

Who were the people associated with the change?

How did the change impact society at the time?

New theories brought about new beliefs which impacted many people. some changed there faith. others decided to lose there christian faith all together and new theories inspired many to become scientist themselves.


How is that change evident in today's modern society?

  1. Newton's laws are taught in schools all over the world, its used in science and are very important facts.
  2. The telescope is still used today in astronomy and its still an important tool for scientist, or even if you want to look out your bedroom window to see stars at night.
  3. the planetary theory is also taught in schools, the theory that a planet revolves around a star, our star is the sun.


above^ and below

above is a segment of poetry about the scientific revolution

and below is a video about it.