B. f. Skinner

By: Bailey and Sydney

Background

Born in Pennsylvania in 1904. He study at Harvard with studying behavior. He wrote a book called The Behavior Organism. His worked showed comparison to Ivan Pavlov.

Theories

Skinner's theory was on operating condition. During this time the child goes through many different times. One is being in there own world. That is during the operating condition. The next stage is about reinforcing this is when the consequences set in. Another thing he studied was called continuous reinforcement this is when the rat will do something well and then the reward will come. The rat will do that because he knows what he will get in the end.

Skinner Box

The Skinner box was one way that he would watch and study behavior. He would use rats that would be in a cage. On one side of the cage was a pedal and a bar. The rat would have to push against it different things would come out of it. "A behavior followed by reinforcing stimulants result in a increased probability of that behavior in the future." Another type of behavior is called extinction. This happens when the reward stops coming and the child stops the stimulant. An example would be the rat not receiving anymore food after pushing the bar or pedal.

Shaping

Skinner would use shaping to help his daughter come over a fear. She did not want to go down the slide, so he set her at the bottom to see if she was okay with being at the end. After she said yes he would then move her up the slide even more until reaching the top. Shaping is helping a child do something they would not normally do.
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Reinforcement Theory

Aversive

This is the opposite of reinforcement. It is when the child will get punished for not doing something. An example of this would if a kid is asked to pick up his toys, and he does not do it, the parent might put him in a time out. After the child receives the punishment then he will learn to listen.

Behavior Modification

This is a therapy technique that uses reinforcement. An example of this is when a child throws his food he will not get a reward, but if he doesn't throw his food then he will get the reward like a cookie. The child will soon stop throwing his food all together so he gets the reward.

Work Cited

Boeree, George C. "Sign in - Google Accounts." Sign in - Google Accounts. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Apr. 2016.