South Carolina Colony
Geography and Climate in the South Carolina Colony
Rules, Laws, and Government South Carolina Colony
South Carolina separated from North Carolina in 1719 when it was named a royal colony. Most of the settlements were located in the southern part. Proprietary Colonies, were grants of land in the form of a charter, or a license to rule, for individuals or groups. They were used to settle areas rapidly with British subjects at the proprietors' expense during the costly settlement years. Also, they could be used by the Crown to repay a debt to, or bestow a favor upon, a highly placed person. Charters replaced the trading company as the dominant settlement device, beginning with Maryland's royal grant in 1632.
Migration in South Carolina Colony
Spanish explorers were the first Europeans to explore the coastal regions of present-day South Carolina. In 1521, Francisco Gordillo sailed to the Carolina coast from his base in Santo Domingo; no settlement was attempted, but several dozen Native Americans were enslaved.
Reasons for Migration in South Carolina Colony
About 80 percent of the settlers of colonial South Carolina were of English origin. Many of them came by way of Barbados and other colonies rather than directly from England. A group of Dutch settlers from New York came to South Carolina in 1671. Indian wars drove most of the native Americans from the state, but there are still a few Catawba Indians.
Reasons for Settlement in South Carolina Colony
The community's name of Charles Town honored the king, but was changed to Charleston at the end of the War for Independence.the colony was beginning to enjoy prosperity, especially in the coastal areas. Its economic base depended initially on the fur trade, which fostered generally good relations between the Carolinian settlers and the local Indian tribes.
Leader's in South Carolina Colony
South Carolina Colony Native American Relationship
Home Life in South Carolina
South Carolina Industry
South Carolina's colonial economy was based on trade and agriculture. The earliest settlers traded with Native Americans. After the British settled Charleston, its seaport became one of the busiest in North America. The flourishing shipping industry spurred the growth of global trade. Indigo was South Carolina's second most prosperous crop and was often grown in tandem with rice. It cost less to ship than rice and often produced greater profits. Colonials who settled in the interior, of South Carolina earned their living raising cattle and food crops.