By: Logan Sparks & Trevor Onstott
They used the ideas of the Scientific Revolution to reevaluate all parts of their everyday life. People gathered to discuss different philosophies.
Separation of Powers
In this separation, the executive, legislative, and judicial powers of the government limit and control each other in a system of checks and balances. By preventing any one person or group from gaining too much power, this system provides the greatest freedom and security for the state.
Deism is a religious philosophy in the eighteenth-century that talks about reason and natural law.
This doctrine said the state, then, should not interrupt the free play of natural economic forces by imposing government regulations on the economy.
The Social Contract proposed by Rousseau says that an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will. Everyone in the community is forced to abide to these rules and regulations because it is what's best for the society.
François-Marie Arouet (Voltarie)
Voltaire came from a prosperous middle-class family. He wrote a lot of pamphlets, novels, plays, letters, essays and histories that brought him his fame and wealth. Voltaire was known for his criticism towards Christianity with his strong belief in religious tolerance. He believed that a mechanic (God) constructed the universe and that it worked like a clock.
Science of The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment was a philosophical movement by people that were very impressed by the achievements of the Scientific Revolution. They used the scientific method to help them understand life itself. Some believed the the world and everything in it was like a giant machine. Using Newtons methods the intellectuals of the enlightenment believed that they could discover the natural laws that governed human society.
PETER HARRISON SCIENCE RELIGION AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT.mpg