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Textiles were the largest industry in Britian. Britian developed a putting out system. Raw cotton was distributed to peasent families who spun it into thread, then wove it into cloth. In 1764 James Hangreaves invented the spinning jenny which spun many threads at one time. In 1769 Richard Arkwright water frame, which powered spinning machines. As time went on machines could no longer be put in homes because of size, so they were put in sheds close to water to power machines. Eventually machines were powered by a steam engine in factories.
William Kelly and Henry Bessemer created a process for making steel into iron. In 1856 Henry Bessemer proved his process could work. Steel was lighter, harder, could be produced cheaper than iron, and more durable. Steel quickly became a major use during the industrial revolution.
Electricity replaced steam, and became the source of industrial power. Alessandro Volta, an italian scientist invented the first battery around 1800. Micheal Faraday created the first simple electric motor. He also created the dynamo, a machine to generate electricity. Even today we still use the dynamo's principle to create generators. Around the 1870's Thomas Edison conducted the light bulb. His "incandescent lamps" lit up whole cities. By the 1890's cabels carried electrical power from dyanamos to factories.