Global Goal #14: Life Below Water
By: Bianca G.
Help! The fishes are drowning!
Ocean Pollution & More
- Oil spills, toxic wastes, and floating plastics can be counted as pollution, so watch what you're throwing into the ocean!
- Approximately 20% of ocean pollution comes from ships who dispose into the ocean, either purposely or accidentally.
- They're not the only ones to blame! The world's largest landfill (The Great Pacific Garbage Patch) is about the size of Europe, which is 3.45 MILLION kilometers squared. That's 1,864,113.86 miles squared.
- Well, 50% of that plastic we use only once and never use it again because we throw it away! And the worst part about it is, we only recover about 5% of the plastic from the ocean out of 50% we use.
Marine Life and Humans
If you think that everything we throw into the ocean sinks all the way down, you're way off. A lot of our trash gets thrown into the ocean and it sits there on top of the water for animals to eat. Nothing and no one is safe from the so called deep blue sea.
- About 1,000,000 seabirds are killed by ocean pollution, 300,000 dolphins & porpoises die from being tangled in old fishing nets left there
- All the toxins from the plastic and all the trash release into the ocean which causes: behavior abnormalities, lesions, reproductive changes, cancer, & death
- Plastic contaminations in humans is SO globally spread, there are almost no unexposed humans.
- Some toxins in plastic are connected to certain cancers, birth defects, immune system problems, & childhood development issues.
Why does it still matter today? Why is it important?
- Costal forests, tidal marshes, & other shoreline ecosystems absorb about 50% of carbon dioxide. About 1/3 of shoreline ecosystems have already been destroyed
- "The United Nations Environment Program estimated in 2006 that every square mile of ocean contains 46,000 pieces of floating plastic" ~ a quote from the United Nations website
- Around 30% of our fisheries are taken advantage of.
- one million (1,000,000)