Global Goal #14: Life Below Water

By: Bianca G.

Help! The fishes are drowning!

You may think that sounds a bit ridiculous, but it's true. And it's not the water they're drowning in if that's what you think. It's ocean pollution they're drowning in. Fish aren't the only ones going down, it's the dolphins, whales, sea turtles, and many other sea creatures you don't want to see go extinct in this filthy world we live in.

Ocean Pollution & More

  • Oil spills, toxic wastes, and floating plastics can be counted as pollution, so watch what you're throwing into the ocean!
  • Approximately 20% of ocean pollution comes from ships who dispose into the ocean, either purposely or accidentally.
  • They're not the only ones to blame! The world's largest landfill (The Great Pacific Garbage Patch) is about the size of Europe, which is 3.45 MILLION kilometers squared. That's 1,864,113.86 miles squared.
  • Well, 50% of that plastic we use only once and never use it again because we throw it away! And the worst part about it is, we only recover about 5% of the plastic from the ocean out of 50% we use.

Marine Life and Humans

If you think that everything we throw into the ocean sinks all the way down, you're way off. A lot of our trash gets thrown into the ocean and it sits there on top of the water for animals to eat. Nothing and no one is safe from the so called deep blue sea.

  1. About 1,000,000 seabirds are killed by ocean pollution, 300,000 dolphins & porpoises die from being tangled in old fishing nets left there
  2. All the toxins from the plastic and all the trash release into the ocean which causes: behavior abnormalities, lesions, reproductive changes, cancer, & death
  3. Plastic contaminations in humans is SO globally spread, there are almost no unexposed humans.
  4. Some toxins in plastic are connected to certain cancers, birth defects, immune system problems, & childhood development issues.

Why does it still matter today? Why is it important?

The only two reasons why this still matter is because the ocean pollution can affect not only marine life, but also us. We, as the inhabitants of this earth, have to do something about this because if we don't, we might as well just die off from not taking care of the Earth.

  • Costal forests, tidal marshes, & other shoreline ecosystems absorb about 50% of carbon dioxide. About 1/3 of shoreline ecosystems have already been destroyed
  • "The United Nations Environment Program estimated in 2006 that every square mile of ocean contains 46,000 pieces of floating plastic" ~ a quote from the United Nations website
  • Around 30% of our fisheries are taken advantage of.


  1. one million (1,000,000)
  2. 20%
  3. 50%