Everyman: Perfecting Mankind
Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet
Died: September 9, 1851, Hartford, CT
In 1814, Thomas visited his family in Hartford, Connecticut. Looking out the window, he noticed that his younger brothers and sisters were not playing with another child named Alice Cogswell, she was deaf. Her father Mason Cogswell was a wealthy doctor and financed Thomas' trip to Europe to learn more. He then met Clerc both shared knowledge about english and the other about deaf children. They both came back to America and established the first American School for the Deaf in 1817.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Died: April 27, 1882, Concord, MA
Born in 1803 to a conservative Unitarian minister, from a long line of ministers, Waldo was a middle son of whom relatively little was expected. In 1851 he began series of lecture which would become The Conduct of LIfe, published in 1860. He had been a profound inspiration for many writers, especially Henry Thoreau and Walt Whitman.
Died: August 2, 1859, Yellow Springs, OH
Education reformer Horace Mann, served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives and Senate before his appointment as the Massachusetts secretary of education. Mann went into the U.S. House of Representatives, promoting an agenda of public education and "normal schools" to train teachers.
Died: July 17, 1887, Trenton, NJ
In March of 1841 she entered the East Cambridge Jail. She had volunteered to teach a Sunday School class for women inmates. Upon entering the jail she witnessed such horrible images that her life, from that point on, was changed forever. After witnessing these conditions she immediately took the matter to the courts and after a serious of battles finally won. Dorothea then proceeded to visit jails and almshouses, where the mentally ill were housed, in other parts of Boston and soon her investigations extended over the entire state of Massachusetts. She wrote a number of books for children and parents. Her best known, Conversation on Common Things, published in 1824.
Died: November 17, 1858, Newtown, Montgomeryshire
Robert Owen was born in Newtown, Montgomeryshire (Wales) on May 14, 1771, the sixth of seven children. His father was a sadler and ironmonger who also served as local postmaster; his mother came from one of the prosperous farming families of Newtown. Owen attended the local school where he developed a strong passion for reading. At the age of ten he was sent to seek his fortune in London with his eldest brother, William. After a few weeks, Owen found a position in a large drapery business in Stamford, Lincolnshire, where he served as an apprentice.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Died: October 26, 1902, New York, NY
Stanton had an early introduction to the reform movements, including encounters as a young woman with fugitive slaves at the home of her cousin Gerrit Smith. It was at her cousin's home that she also met her husband Henry Stanton soon after their marriage they traveled to London, where Henry Stanton was a delegate to the World Anti-Slavery Convention. There she met Lucretia a quaker teacher who served in many of the associated Temperance, Anti-Slavery, and Women's Rights organizations with which Stanton is associated. Denied her seat at the convention, as were all the women delegates, Mott discussed with Stanton the need for a convention on women's rights.
Died: March 6, 1879, New Britain, CT
Elihu Burritt was the youngest son among ten children. He apprenticed himself to a local blacksmith after his father's death in 1828. His older brother Elijah encouraged Elihu, Elihu studied mathematics by practicing mental exercises at the forge. Burritt went to work for a local forge and It was during this period when his fame as a linguist developed. He offered his services to William Lincoln of Worcester as a translator of German. Impressed by Elihu's ability, Mr. Lincoln passed on his letter to Governor Edward Everett who read it before a teachers' institute. During his presentation, the governor gave Burritt the name, "learned blacksmith."
William Lloyd Garrison
Died: May 24, 1879, New York City, NY
Originally a supporter of colonization, Garrison changed his position and became the leader of the emerging anti-slavery movement. His publication, The Liberator, reached thousands of people worldwide. His uncompromising position on the moral outrage that was slavery made him loved and hated by many Americans. In 1831, Garrison published the first edition of the Liberator. Not interested in the compromise he founded, the New England Anti-slavery society the following year. Garrison saw moral persuasion as the only means to end slavery. To him the task was simple: show people how immoral slavery was and they would join in the campaign to end it.