Understanding the Rwandan Genocide

Learning about the tragedy that changed Africa forever

A little about what a Genocide is...

  • Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction of, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group.


  • The Rwandan Genocide was a period of 100 days, that began on April 6th, 1994, of mass slaughtering of the Tustsi population by the Hutu.

The main causes of this horrific event are as follows...

  • Tutsi refugees in Uganda were forming the Rwandan Patriotic Front, led by Paul Kagame. Their aim was to overthrow Habyarimana and secure their right to return to their homeland.


  • Proof shows that President Habyarimana and his family hated the prospect of power-sharing with the Tutsi minority.


  • After the death of Habyarimana, a French judge blamed Kagame for killing the president. He denied and said it was the Hutus trying to exterminate the Tutsis.

The effects of the Genocide...

  • The government-led effort to exterminate Rwanda's Tutsi population, took at least a million lives.


  • 2 million Hutu fled to the Democratic Republic of Congo, especially those doing the killing.


  • The United Nations created the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to charge those who participated. About 120,000 were jailed and some were sentenced to be put to death.

Here's what can be done and what has been done to put an end to the fear of this happening again...

  • America became the first nation to start a contribute called the Genocide Survivors Fund and donated approximately $2 million.


  • Rwanda has since hosted refugee camps to open up other's eyes to see that they still suffer daily.


Just some statistics...

  • The killers armed mostly with machetes and clubs did their work five times as fast as the Nazi gas chambers.


  • An estimated 20,000 children were born as a result of sexual crimes during the genocide.


  • There are more than 125,000 prisoners charged with the mass killing. 96% children had experienced the mass killing and 80% of them lost at least one of their family members.
The survivors are haunted every day by the scars physically and mentally. They live in constant fear. Don't let this tragedy go unnoticed any longer. Spread the word to advise it not to happen.
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