Montgomery Bus Boycott


Rosa started it!

On December 1st, 1955 Rosa Parks, an African American woman refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus. This started the Montgomery Bus Boycott the day of her court hearing. Though parks has not been thought of a person in the civil rights activism in her time of her arrest, Rosa and her husband Raymond were in fact active in the local chapter of the (NAACP) National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and Parks was a secretary. African American leaders wanted to find tactics to attack the ordinance. Also the (WPC) Women's Political Council made flyers to rally up and start the boycott on the day of parks hearing.

Claudette Colvin was actually the first African American woman to get arrested for not giving up her seat to a white fellow, the leaders were getting ready to boycott until it was discovered she was pregnant and deemed an inappropriate figure for their cause

In 1955, the Women's Political Council demanded a boycott on Montgomery buses.

“Don't ride the bus to work, to town, to school, or any place Monday, December 5.

Another Negro Woman has been arrested and put in jail because she refused to give up her bus seat.

Don't ride the buses to work to town, to school, or any where on Monday. If you work, take a cab, or share a ride, or walk.

Come to a mass meeting, Monday at 7:00 P.M. at the Holt Street Baptist Church for further instruction.”

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African American Leaders

Jo Ann, E.D. Nixon, and Ralph Abernathy created a foundation called "Montgomery Improvement Association". The group was created to protest segregation imposed arrest on Rosa Parks at her refusal to give up her seat to a white citizen. A young pastor named Martin Luther King Jr. was selected head of the new group. He used his religious background and academic experience to create a peaceful protest strategy and the protest lasted 381 days. It is now believed that Dr. King was the inspiration for the end of segregation

Did you know?

  • Martin Luther King Jr. wanted to pursue an academic career.
  • Kings birth name is actually Micheal not Martin.
  • King enrolled into college at the age of 15
  • King was jailed 29 times for his protesting for the cause.
  • Kings was mother was also killed by a bullet
  • He is the only American male besides George Washington to be given his birthday a national holiday.

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