Not Hot, not cold, just right~
The Best Place to Farm: THE MIDDLE COLONIES
This land may be profitable to those that will adventure it.
Ideal Geography and Climate for Farming!
"Force makes hypocrites; 'tis persuasion only that makes convert"
People and Religions of the Middle Colonies. We welcome all!
Religion varied in different parts of the colonies.
New York: The patterns of different religions were caused by the configuration of the different ethnic backgrounds of all the new settlers coming in. If you're looking for a diverse place full of different people, religions and many places serving your religion, New York City would be the place for you.
New Jersey: New Jersey embraced a variety of religions. People often met in houses or barns, not being able to afford churches. Also, since there were only a few clergymen, they weren't the only ones who lead services. It's not all bad, this brings us together, it all works out!
A church survey from 1765 lists these as active congregations at the time:
Church of England- 21
Dutch Reformed- 21
Dutch Lutheran- 4
Seventh Day Baptist- 2
German Reformed- 2as well as a few others.
Pennsylvania: William Penn, who founded the colony of Pennsylvania in the early 1680's, thought that in religion "force makes hypocrites; 'tis persuasion only that makes convert" and so he created a policy of religious tolerance. This policy definitely drew people in. Pennsylvania consisted of groups like the Amish, Dunkers, Schwenkfelders, Mennonites, and later the Moravians. Some of the smaller communities included were the Roman Catholics, and Jews. Now, the most influential religious groups aside from the Quakers were the larger groups of German Reformed, Lutherans, Anglicans, and Presbyterians.
Delaware: Delaware started off with Scandinavian Lutherans and Dutch Reformed. Later, English Quakers and Welsh Baptists were added to the list. This was a very diverse beginning, probably the most diverse of any of the Middle Colonies.
In rural sections, the availability of land led to the sharing of churches, as well as the sharing of preachers. In the more urban sections of the colonies, the different religions mixing together caused the differences to be less important.
Let the people think they govern and they will be governed.
The Government is In OUR Hands!
Build Your Business!
Farmers and merchants throughout the middle colonies lived comfortably by exporting wheat and bread to the Southern colonies and West Indies. The Delaware, Hudson, and Susquehanna Rivers helped fur trappers and other merchants to trade their merchandise, and the middle colonies also had good harbors that were easily accessible by boats coming from other countries. New Jersey and Pennsylvania are known as industrial colonies, producing pig iron and steel. Colonists also had a huge export in lumber because of the vast forest. The textile mills produced paper, which led to publishing businesses. The middle colonies are most famous for creating and selling the Conestoga wagon, a commonly used mode of transportation throughout the 18th century.
A Map of the Middle Colonies
The Middle Colonies included Pennysylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware.
A comparison of land forms, soil, and growing seasons between the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies.
The Delaware River
Lush Green trees line the banks of the Delaware River. The soil around this area was known to be the richest and most fertile at the time.
A Map of the Middle Colonies
We are the best by far: no one can compare~
- Map of Middle Colonies from: http://mrnussbaum.com/images/13map13.gif and http://21stcenturylearning.sharepoint.com/siteimages/s11.jpg
- Geograpical Differences from: http://users.humboldt.edu/ogayle/hist110/ColonialGeographyClimate.png
- Delaware River from :http://passaicnews.files.wordpress.com/2007/08/delawareriversummer.jpg and http://www.regionalplans.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/HawksnestOverlook-12-July2207-1.jpg
- Middle Colonies Diversity: http://www.ushistory.org/us/images/00005950.jpg
- Ushistory.org. "The Middle Colonies." The Middle Colonies. U.S. History Online Textbook, 2013. Web. 29 Sept. 2013. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/4.asp>.
- Bonomi, Patricia. "Religious Pluralism in the Middle Colonies, Divining America, TeacherServe®, National Humanities Center." Religious Pluralism in the Middle Colonies, Divining America, TeacherServe®, National Humanities Center. TeacherServe, Jan. 2008. Web. 30 Sept. 2013. <http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/eighteen/ekeyinfo/midcol.htm>.
- "The 13 Colonies." History. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 30 Sep 2013. http://www.history.com/topics/thirteen-colonies
- "The Economy of the Middle Colonies." Boundless. N.p.. Web. 1 Oct 2013. <https://www.boundless.com/u-s-history/britain-and-the-settling-of-the-colonies-1600-1750/settling-the-middle-colonies-and-georgia/the-economy-of-the-middle-colonies/>.
- Danzer, Gerald A. "The American Colonies Emerge." The Americans. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell/Houghton Mifflin, 1998. 55-61. Print.
- Sylvester, Charles Herbert., and William Francis. Rocheleau. Progress of Nations: An Account of the Progress of Civilization. Vol. 6. Chicago, IL: National Progress League, 1912. Print.
- Elson, Henry William. "Colonization: The Middle Colonies." History of the United States of America,. New York: Macmillan, 1904. 200+. Print.