Harriet Tubman

by Kaitlyn Sykes

Harriet Tubman's contributions to the freedom of slaves


Harriet Tubman was born to enslaved parents in Dorchester County, Maryland. She was born with the name Araminta Harriet Ross. Her mother, Harriet “Rit” Green, was owned by Mary Pattison Brodess. Her father, Ben Ross, was owned by Anthony Thompson, who married Mary Brodess. Araminta, or “Minty,” was one of nine children born to Rit and Ben between 1808 and 1832. The year of her birth is uncertain , it probably happened between 1820 and 1825. Her hate for slavery began at a young age, she felt as if she were equal to whites and just because her skin was darker didn't mean that she wasn't human. She dreamed about escaping slavery and helping other slaves escape too, and soon those dreams would come true.


Harriet escaped slavery in 1849 also leaving behind he "ex-husband" (black people couldn't be legally married back then) John Tubman, a freed black man who did not have the same views as Harriet when it came to helping other slaves escape. Since Harriet was a slave when she married John when she told him about her plans to escape and help others, he threatened to tell her slave owner exactly what she was doing if she tried to escape. So she had to pretend she wasn't going to escape and sneak away from him and escape so she could full-fill her "destiny". Later in life she married a man named Nelson Davis and they had a happy marriage until his death.



She was hit in the head by overseer for trying to help a slave, which she said "broke my skull". She sustained this injury for the rest of her life having frequent migraines and sudden episodes of narcolepsy.


She escaped slavery


She was named the official conductor of the underground railroad


Made her last trip on the underground railroad


Harriet joined the union army as a cook/nurse and soon became the first women to lead an armed expedition in the war, she guided the Combahee River Raid, which liberated more than 700 slaves in South Carolina.


Died of pneumonia


Harriet Tubman received no education and remained illiterate throughout her life. She did, however, gain considerable knowledge of the Bible through oral recitation, and she would often refer to Biblical passages and parables. Sometimes Harriet would even be referred to as Moses, the biblical prophet who brought his people out of bondage and into the promise land.


Harriet had accomplished a lot in her 93 years on this earth she made 19 successful trips down to the south and saved hundreds of slaves. During her trips to the south she never lost on fugitive or allowed anyone to turn back. She was the first women to lead an armed expedition into war.


She was good friends with the abolitionist John Brown, who advocated the use of violence to disrupt and destroy the institution of slavery. Tubman shared Brown’s goals. Tubman claimed to have had a prophetic vision of Brown before they met. When Brown began recruiting supporters for an attack on slaveholders at Harper’s Ferry, he turned to “General Tubman” for help. After Brown was execution, Tubman praised him as a martyr. On Harriet's rescue missions she carried a gun with her at all times and threatened to use it on anyone threatened the success of her missions. She got help from abolitionists,white and black, and people from the religious group called the Quakers. She made her last trip in 1860, but continued to help slaves adjust to the new life of being a freedman.


book#1 Taylor, Marian, and Nathan Irvin Huggins. Harriet Tubman. New York: Chelsea House, 1991. Print

book#2 Clavin, Matthew. "Tubman, Harriet." World Book Student. World Book, 2015. Web. 15 Apr. 2015.

book#3 McClard, Megan. "Harriet Tubman: Slavery and the Underground Railroad." Barnes & Noble. Silver Burdett Press, n.d. Web. Apr. 1991.

Cite#1 American History, Jun2015, Vol. 50 Issue 2, p8, 0p

cite#2 Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2015.

cite#3 McNamara, Robert. "Harriet Tubman | Underground Railroad Heroine." N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2015.

cite#4"Harriet Tubman." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.