Green Revolution and GMOs

by Caleb Falcon

Questions 1-5

1-Two of the main causes of the Bengal Famine in British-ruled India were the shortfall of food production in the area, and a more potent factor was the result of hysteria related to World War II which made food production a low priority for the British.

2-The three basic elements of the Green Revolution in India were: The continued expansion of farming areas, Double-Cropping existing farmland, Using genetically enhanced seeds.

3-Two positive results of the Green Revolution were: Due to the need of and water, fertilizer, pesticides, fungicides, and other chemicals created many new jobs and jump started local manufacturing and created many new jobs for the unemployed, Due to the need of irrigation and water new damns were built to harness monsoon waters, the water collected was used to create hydroelectric power boosting industrial growth and making the lives of people in villages better.

4- Three Economic results of the Green Revolution-

Economic:

4a.India paid off all their loans from the World Bank, this made India more credit reliable to other lending agencies.

4b.Due to the need of and water, fertilizer, pesticides, fungicides, and other chemicals created many new jobs and jump started local manufacturing and created many new jobs for the unemployed.

4c.Due to the need of irrigation and water new damns were built to harness monsoon waters, the water collected was used to create hydroelectric power boosting industrial growth and making the lives of people in villages better.

5. Two limitations of Green Revolution:

5a-Even today India's agricultural output falls short of demands, although the Green Revolution was impressive India isn't 100% self-sufficient in food.

5b-India is largely confined to foodgrains only and not all kinds of agricultural produce.

Concerns to food fix

Due to the mass use of chemical fertilizers, synthetic herbicides, and pesticides, the environment was greatly influenced by the increase of pollution ad erosion. The new chemicals added to the soil and plants polluted the soil and water. The people and environment downstream were exposed to the pollution and chemicals. The pollution of the soil ruined and lowered the soil quality.

The large amount of water needed to grow the plants put pressure on the natural water reserves and resulted in water shortages and droughts. More energy was used in farming, the changed from man labor to machine labor and consumed fossil fuels which affected and polluted the environment.

They don't grow a large variety of fruits and vegetables, they focus on grains that are later turned into food. They don't grow enough nutrients that are needed to stay alive, so they rely on other countries to get some of the nutrients they don't grow.

Possible vs. Negative benefits associated with GMOs

Negative:

  1. Due to the use of new pesticides used workers, water, and the environment were harmed and tainted
  2. Due the the rapid growth and use of GMOs the biodiversity of the country declined
  3. The GMOs worked the soil too hard making many farmers go broke
  4. The pests over time will become immune to the pesticides due to evolution and get to the produce
  5. GMOs created many new industries but also destroyed many rural and agricultural peoples lively hood.
Positive:

  1. Due to the widespread production of GMOs many job opportunities were created and gave many people jobs.
  2. The GMOs increased the amount of success in a crop produce.
  3. The pesticides stopped pests from interfering with the produce
  4. Due to GMOs farming became less time consuming
  5. Due to GMOs creating a huge agricultural business boom and the need of irrigation, hydroelectric power became a new resource and created a plethora of new jobs for the unemployed.