That Was Then This Is Now


The author's message

The author's message is maturity and change which is evident throughout the story. Bryon matures by the end of the story, He was at the beginning, gambling, fighting, and just doing all the wrong things, until Charlie dies and he meets Cathy, by the end of the story he is very mature, and makes wiser decisions. Mark changes by the end of the story. At the beginning of the story he was gambling, and fighting, and other illegal things. By the end of the story he was selling drugs, hanging out with different types of wrong people. He also began feeling more things. So the authors message is very evident throughout the story.

My Theme

One of the themes I picked up from the story is Racism. In the beginning of the book, Mark, and Bryon had saved M&M from a fight, as they walked out of the alley, they saw a black man standing there, and wanted to beat him up because of his nationality. In another part of a story, a boy who was in the hospital named Mike was in the hospital because he had taken a black girl to her house to save her from his gang, when they arrived, she had said he harmed her, and her brothers beat him up. Him being white had provoked them to do so as well. So Racism was evident throughout the book.


1. Every 28 hours a black person is killed

2. In a 2009 report, 2/3 of the criminals receiving life sentences were non-whites. In New York its 83%.

3. The concept of race is a modern concept. In the ancient world, the Greeks, Romans, Jews, Christians, and Muslims did not have racial categories. Rather people were divided according to religion, class, language, etc.

4. Traditionally the U.S followed the concept pf the child of a mixed race union is classified in the less privileged group.

5. Federal laws prohibit discrimination. They have done this since the 1960's

6. The rate is higher of police pulling over blacks, and latino's than whites.

7. Grey is the color of the ribbon for racism prevention.

My thoughts

My thoughts on Racism, well I think its wrong. I don't believe you should ever put anyone down for who they are, no matter different you may believe they could be. Everyone is beautiful, and wonderful no matter, their record, race, religion, disease, etc. We are the same on the inside, we were all built the same, you as person do not have the right to judge someone on how they are on the outside, or who they are as a person, because they aren't looking you at that way or judging you, so just keep walking and make yourself accept the person, unless you know them you can't judge them for who they. You see people everyday frightened by the person of the other nationality, and it's ridiculous, unless they are holding a gun in front of you, or are showing they are going injure you, smile at them and keep walking. It's that simple.
Racism. It Stops With Me. TV spot. Feat. Adam Goodes