Wanted: Bromine

For the use of methamphetamine.

Aliases

Br

Bromine

βρώμιο

Antoine-Jérôme Balard, to publish a paper in 1826 describing the new element. Balard was credited with the discovery and named it after the greek word for stench, bromos. Today, bromine.

There are no other aliases.

Description

gas/liquid: red-brown

solid: metallic luster

the atomic mass is 79.904 u

It is a metal and non-metal

Elemental bromine is a fuming red-brown liquid at room temperature, corrosive and toxic, with properties between those of chlorine and iodine.

First arresting officer

This element was discovered by Antoine-Jérôme Balard in Montpellier and Carl Löwig in Heidelberg. Antoine-Jérôme Balard discovered bromine while investigating some salty water from Montpellier, France. He took the concentrated residue which remained after most of the brine had evaporated and passed chlorine gas into it. In so doing he liberated an orange-red liquid which he deduced was a new element. He sent an account of his findings to the French Academy’s journal in 1826.

Last seen

Bromine is the only liquid nonmetallic element. It is a member of the halogen group. Bromine is found naturally in the earth's crust and in seawater in various chemical forms.

Know associates

Bromine is used in industry to make organobromo compounds. A major one was dibromoethane an agent for leaded gasoline, before they were largely phased out due to environmental considerations. Other organobromines are used as insecticides, in fire extinguishers and to make pharmaceuticals. Bromine is used in making fumigants, dyes, flameproofing agents, water purification compounds, sanitizes, medicinals, agents for photography and in brominates vegetable oil, used as emulsifier in many citrus-flavoured solft drinks.

Warning label

It is a heavy, volatile, mobile, dangerous reddish-brown liquid. The red vapour has a strong unpleasant odour and the vapour irritates the eyes and throat. It is a bleaching. When spilled on the skin it produces painful sores. It is a serious health hazard, and maximum safety precautions should be taken when handling it.
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