Nucleic Acid

By: Jace Olsoa, Sachin Beldona


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Polymer-Nucleic Acid

Example of Nucleic Acids

DNA- Deoxyribonucleic Acid

RNA- Ribonucleic Acid

Functional Groups


Functions of Nucleic Acids

DNA- Carries instructions for the survival of the organism (i.e. cell reproduction, interactions betweencells, etc.)

RNA- Carrier- Carries the instructions for what needs to be built

Structure and Function

The DNA is in a double-helix for a reason:

  1. Whenever a cell splits, the DNA splits in two, down the middle of the double-helix. Since A only pairs with T and C only pairs with G it is possible to rebuild DNA of off only half of the strand. This is why it is easy to replicate cells.
  2. Since the bases are hydrophobic and don't like water, the double helix is useful as it protects the bases on the inside from water damage.