Sodium and Water

What is it?

Stoichiometry is the part of chemistry that studies amounts of substances that are involved in reactions. You might be looking at the amounts of substances before the reaction. You might be looking at the amount of material that is produced by the reaction. Stoichiometry is all about the numbers.


Sodium is an essential mineral for the human body. The most common form of sodium is table salt (sodium chloride). As an added ingredient to most foods - used for curing meat, masking off-flavors, retaining moisture, and enhancing flavors - sodium is typically over-consumed in very high amounts in modern society. Most of the sodium Americans consume comes from processed food rather than salt added while cooking. Sodium, unlike other minerals, has a distinct and appealing taste. It is commonly found in table salt, which is 40% sodium. The other portion of table salt is made of chloride.

The Reaction of Sodium and Water: OBSERVE

Reaction of Sodium and Water

Reactants v.s Products

Type of Reaction: Single Displacement

Balanced equation: 2Na