The Three Branches of Government

By:Megan O'Connor

The Three Branches of Government

There are three branches of the United States Government. The branches are the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches. To make sure each branch has an equal amount of power, the government created a system called checks and balances. To learn more about this system, click the link below to fact monster.

The Three Branches

The three branches

This video is FULL of info! It's not as boring as you might think!

Presidential Succession

In a play there are always understudies, so in case something would happen to a lead character, there is someone to take their place. In the United States government, their is something called "presidential succession" so if the president dies or resigns, some one will take his place. The button below will show you a list.
Line of Presidential Succession

This is a list of the Presidential succession in case something happens to the President.

The 3 Branches

All the branches are located in our nation's capital, Washington DC

So you want to be president?

As you probably know, there are certain requirements to run for President. To run, you must be at least 35 years old, be a natural born citizen of the USA,and you must have lived in the USA for at least 14 years. The President serves a 4 year term and can be in office for 8 straight years maximum, but can run has the ability to run again after someone else serves a term. The President makes $400,000 a year.

Did you know........

You might be thinking, " Well I now know how long you can be President,the requirements to be President, and how much the president makes, but what about all the other branches? How much do those people make? What are the requirements to run for Congress or the Supreme Court?" Well, to be a Representative, you must be at least 25, must have been a US citizen for at least 7 years, and live in the state you want to represent. Each Representative serves a 2 year term and can be re-elected. Both Senators and Representatives make $165,200 annually. However, leaders of both parts of congress make more money. To be a Senator, you must be at least 30, must have been a US citizen for at least 9 years, and live in the state you want to represent. Senators serve a 2 year term and can be re-elected as many times as the voters re-elect them. Supreme Court justices must be trained in law. They do not have to be a certain age of have lived in the USA for a certain number of years. The justices must be selected by the President and approved by Congress. The Chief Justice makes $223,500 a year, an the Associative Justices make $213,900 a year. Justices can serve as long as they want.

The President's Cabinet

The Presidents Cabinet isn't like a kitchen cabinet, the President's Cabinet is a group of the presidents top Advisers to the President. An Adviser is someone who gives advice to someone else. there are a total of 16 people in the cabinet. instead of called these people "advisers" we call them "secretaries." we call them this because they are the leaders of certain departments. Like Anthony Foxx, former mayor of Charlotte who is now secretary of transportation. Here is a list of the departments and secretaries.

Secretary of State John Kerry

Secretary of the Treasury Jacob Lew

Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel

Attorney General Eric Holder

Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell

Secretary of Agriculture Tom J. Vilsack

Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker

Secretary of Labor Thomas E. Perez

Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Shaun Donovan

Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx

Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz

Secretary of Education Arne Duncan

Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric Shinseki

Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson

Info from-Cabinet Members Under President Barack Obama |

This is a picture of President Obama's current Cabinet.

The Vice President

though the president gets most of the fame, but that doesn't mean the Vice President isn't important. The Vice President serves as the president of the senate. The Vice President servesa term as long as the president and can as many years as the president as well. If the Vice President wants to, he can run for president. The "VP" receives a $221,000 annual salary.
This is a picture of the current Vice President, Joe Biden

The Judicial Branch

The Judicial Branch consists of The Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is more than just a court. It has the ability to if needed, to check on the President and Congress. It also has the ability to tell Congress that a law they passed is un-constitutional so then it is no longer a law. The Supreme Court's motto is "Equal Justice Under Law." the 9 current supreme court justices are Chief Justice John Roberts, Associate Justices

Samuel Alito, Stephen Breyer, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Elena Kagan, Anthony Kennedy, Antonin Scalia, Sonia Sotomayor, Clarence Thomas. Not every case makes it to the Supreme Court for a hearing. For a case to make it, the case must evolve a federal law. One example is brown vs. board of education. This case happened in 1954 when the plaintiff, "brown's" daughter had to go to an all black school miles away from her house instead of the school close to her house. The Supreme Court ruled it as " Un-Constitutional." Some people say that the case ended segregation. Another popular Supreme Court case is the Texas vs. Johnson case. Gregory Johnson burnt a USA flag in front as a building as a protest in 1984 as a protest. the government of Texas saw it as unlawful, and took the case to Washington. The Supreme Court ruled in Johnson's favor because he had right to free speech.

Mrs. Brown and her daughter

Responsibilities of Congress

The main responsibility of Congress is making the laws. how ever the laws must be signed and approved by the other two branches. It's a long process, to find out more about making laws, click this link-
Government song

A bit of a review