By: Kera Biggers
locations of biomes
Examples of oceans : North Pacific ocean, South Pacific ocean, and Atlantic ocean.
The Ocen Biome
The ocean holds the largest of Earth’s biomes. It covers 70% of the planet’s surface.
Life in the ocean is diverse. The smallest creatures that call the ocean home are so tiny that they can only be seen with a microscope. The largest creatures are blue whales, which can be as much as 34 meters (110 feet) long. There are many different ways to live in the ocean, too. Some animals travel huge distances through ocean water. Others stay in the same place on the ocean floor their entire lives. Some burrow beneath the sand while others float near the surface.
The ocean is not the same everywhere. There are many different ecosystems within the ocean depending on conditions such as the water temperature, the amount of sunlight that filters through the water, and the amount of nutrients.
sunlight breaks through the top layer of ocean water. It can make its way as deep as 200 meters (656 feet). Almost all marine life (about 90%) lives within this top, sunlit layer of the ocean. There,phytoplankton, algae, and plants like seagrass make their own food through the process of photosynthesis, and are the start of most marine food chains
Phytoplankton is the most abundant plant that exists in the ocean. Phytoplankton is a single celled plant that includes diatoms. They are free-floating plants living at the surface of the water. They usually exist in cooler waters where nutrients are abundant due to upwelling.
Kelp is an ocean plant that is located near the shore line where it holds onto rocks with roots called hold fasts. Kelp can grow extremely long, remaining upright with gas bladders that are attached to the leaf.
Seaweed lives in the intertidal zone of the oceans. Seaweed is rooted and can usually be found in water up to 40 meters deep, but may be found deeper in very clear water. We use seaweed as food and in products such as lotions, soaps and toothpaste.
Read more: Plants That Live in the Ocean Habitat | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/facts_5482166_plants-live-ocean-habitat.html#ixzz27neNMGVQ