Gardner's Multiple Intelligences
And How to Engage Them
Hi everyone! So what I’m going to do today is go over what Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences are and how to teach to them in the classroom.
Some Background Information
Howard Gardner published this theory in 1985. The then seven intelligences challenged the well accepted notion that there was only one type of intelligence and you either had it or didn't. (The eighth intelligence, naturalist, was not included in the original theory, but would be added in later on). Gardner described how people actually contained seven different types of intelligence that is “the human ability to solve problems or make something to be valued (Checkley, 1997).”
So what are these eight “human abilities”?
Well they range from, Linguistic, Logical-Mathematical, Spatial Relations, Musical, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, and Naturalist. All of which I will explain more below.
Students who have an aptitude for linguistic intelligence are usually very successful in the traditional classroom, they respond well to reading, writing and speaking. What can you do to help teach these students? Well first of all keep on doing what you’re doing. Have them read and write. But don’t forget about speaking, allow these students to have discussions and presentations.
Next is Logical-Mathematical. These students do well in, you guessed it, math class. As the name gives away, these students do best in content areas that are centered around patterns and sequences such as math and science. To teach other subjects to these students , continue to use orderly sequenced steps when explaining, and give them something they can analyze and break down.
This intelligence encompasses students who work well with visual representations. Spatial intelligence can manifest itself both in the arts and the sciences. They are taught best by what they can see. Be sure to use a lot of maps, charts and graphic organizers with these students.
Intrapersonal v. Interpersonal Intelligence
Borich, Gary D. (2013). Effective Teaching Methods: Research-based Methods, 8th Edition. Upper Saddle River: Pearson
Checkley, K. (1997, January 1). The First Seven. . . and the Eighth: A Conversation with Howard Gardner. Retrieved December 11, 2014, from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/sept97/vol55/num01/The-First- Seven.-.-.-and-the-Eighth@-A-Conversation-with- Howard-Gardner.aspx
Cherry, K. (n.d.). Gardner's Theory. Retrieved December 11, 2014, from