# Gardner's Multiple Intelligences

## Introduction

Hi everyone! So what I’m going to do today is go over what Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences are and how to teach to them in the classroom.

## Some Background Information

Howard Gardner published this theory in 1985. The then seven intelligences challenged the well accepted notion that there was only one type of intelligence and you either had it or didn't. (The eighth intelligence, naturalist, was not included in the original theory, but would be added in later on). Gardner described how people actually contained seven different types of intelligence that is “the human ability to solve problems or make something to be valued (Checkley, 1997).”

So what are these eight “human abilities”?

Well they range from, Linguistic, Logical-Mathematical, Spatial Relations, Musical, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, and Naturalist. All of which I will explain more below.

## Linguistic Intelligence

Students who have an aptitude for linguistic intelligence are usually very successful in the traditional classroom, they respond well to reading, writing and speaking. What can you do to help teach these students? Well first of all keep on doing what you’re doing. Have them read and write. But don’t forget about speaking, allow these students to have discussions and presentations.

## Logical-Mathematical Intelligence

Next is Logical-Mathematical. These students do well in, you guessed it, math class. As the name gives away, these students do best in content areas that are centered around patterns and sequences such as math and science. To teach other subjects to these students , continue to use orderly sequenced steps when explaining, and give them something they can analyze and break down.

## Spatial Intelligence

This intelligence encompasses students who work well with visual representations. Spatial intelligence can manifest itself both in the arts and the sciences. They are taught best by what they can see. Be sure to use a lot of maps, charts and graphic organizers with these students.

## Musical Intelligence

Musical intelligence is exactly what it sounds like; these students have a deep connection to music, rhythms and patterns. They may play an instrument, sing or write their own songs. The easiest way to engage students is to incorporate music into your classroom. When content is taught in either a song or a chant, these students will immediately be much more engaged.

## Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence

Students with this form of intelligence do not typically do very well in a traditional classroom. These students need to move around and be engaged in hands on activities. or this reason, the traditional classroom routine of sitting in a desk for hours on end will not be very effective. These students are better at doing something, than they are at discussing it. Give these students an opportunity to be active in your class through experiments, games, and hands-on activities, and be wary of having them sit for too long.

## Intrapersonal v. Interpersonal Intelligence

These two intelligences sound very similar, but are in fact complete opposites. Interpersonal means that a students works well in groups as they are well in-tune with the emotions and needs of others. Intrapersonal on the other hand, means that a student is much more self aware, and often prefers to work alone. Most people have a balance between these forms of intelligence and only lean towards one or another. To engage students, present them with opportunities to work both in a group and alone.

## Naturalist Intelligence

This is the newest addition to Gardner's Theory. Students with a naturalist intelligence are incredibly interested and conscious of the natural world around them. They like to be engaged primarily through plants, animals and the other aspects of nature. The easiest way to teach to these students is to take them outside. It's that simple. However if that won't work due to logistical issues, be sure to create lessons that incorporate plants, animals, weather, natural cycles and the like.

## Works Cited

Borich, Gary D. (2013). Effective Teaching Methods: Research-based Methods, 8th Edition. Upper Saddle River: Pearson

Checkley, K. (1997, January 1). The First Seven. . . and the Eighth: A Conversation with Howard Gardner. Retrieved December 11, 2014, from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/sept97/vol55/num01/The-First- Seven.-.-.-and-the-Eighth@-A-Conversation-with- Howard-Gardner.aspx

Cherry, K. (n.d.). Gardner's Theory. Retrieved December 11, 2014, from