Judaism

By: Ashley Nguyen

A Brief Summary of Judaism

The founder of Judaism was Abraham, a Hebrew. The followers of Judaism are called Jews. They believe that the Torah, their holy book, was given to Moses, their most important prophet, by God, 3,000 years ago. The role of the Torah and its 613 Commandments are to tell Jews how to worship and how to live a good life. The Jews go to a synagogue, or temple, to worship God on their Sabbath day, Saturday, with a Rabbi, their worship leader. Followers of Judaism can only eat kosher foods because only those foods can meet the Torah's requirements about clean preparation of food. Bar mitzvahs are for 13 year old boys and bat mitzvahs are for 12 year old girls. In this tradition, they enter adulthood.They celebrate Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year, where they fast and repent for 10 days. After Rosh Hashanah is over, they celebrate Yom Kippur, where the Days of Repentance come to an end and they pray to God and ask for forgiveness. They also celebrate Passover, the day were the Angel of Death passed over Egypt to kill the first born son of the Hebrews. Passover is also the day Jews remember how the Children of Israel were led out of slavery in Egypt by Moses. It is an 8 day festival and the Jews have a spring cleaning to ensure there is no hint of yeast left in the house before the beginning of the festival. Hannukah celebrates the miracle of oil lasting 8 days when there was only enough oil for 1 day. The holy city for Judaism is Jerusalem. Their Holy site is the Holy Temple, the first Jewish temple that was built around 1000 B.C.E.

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The Most Holy Book of Jews is called the Torah.

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The symbol of Judaism is called the Star of David.

Common Figures and Views between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam

Besides God, the common figure between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam is the prophet Abraham. They are all monotheistic religions. This means that they believe that God is the one and only God.