Influencing the Constitution

BarondeMontesquieu,AlexanderHamilton,Magna Carta,Natural Law

By Abby Crumly. Thomas Tipa, Jordan Valdez, and Jake Horton

Magna Carta

  • Trial by jury
  • Due Process
  • Private Property
  • Standardized measures
  • Inheritance Laws
  • Wills of the deceased
  • Restricion of Police Powers
  • Rights on the man/convicted
  • Declared that the king and government were bound by the same laws as all other citizens of England.
  • Containes the antecedents of the ideas of due process and the right to a fair and speedy trial that are included in the protection offered by the U.S. Bill of Rights

Alexander Hamilton

Outlined the Declaration of Independence and promoted it

Strong nationalist

First secretary of the treasury

Supported a strong central government

Founder of the Federalist Party

Barron De Montesquieu

Separation of State powers

Spirit of the Laws

  • Limited government
  • Checks and Balances
  • 3 Branches of government

Natural Law

Believed to be binding upon human actions apart from or in conjunction with laws established by human authority. In short, some of the laws that govern us are not made by legislation, but 'naturally' come from nature itself.

Influence on the Constitution

Baron de Montesquieu, the Magna Carta, Alexander Hamilton, and the theory of Natural Law all believe in the rule that governments work best when there is a of separation of State powers. The Magna Carta believed in a separation of power because it believed that not one man should have all the power.

Alexander Hamilton didn't want to go back to a monarchy like they had in Britain. Montesquieu didn't want a monarchy like they had in France, but wanted the power to be distributed.

Lastly, Natural Law tells that separation of power is a natural occurrence and the consolidation of powers is doomed to fail.