by Eddy, William, and Christopher
Culture is important to all of the River Valley Civilizations. Culture are the things that make a civilization stand out from all of the other River Valley Civilizations. Culture is based on traditions, beliefs, and customs within a civilization. Each River Valley Civilization has culture because it is their way to express themselves and represent them in their beliefs, traditions and customs. The five main reasons why culture impacted the River Valley Civilizations include religion, writing, architecture, innovations and achievements. Religion affected, controlled and determined most of the daily life activities. Writing changed the way business dealings were done and history was kept. Architecture impacted the study of mathematics, science, and engineering. Innovations allowed the creation of jobs for people and a wider social gap between castes systems. Achievements paved the way for more complex economic and military systems. To conclude, the cultural developments of the River Valley Civilizations made the largest impact on the people.
Amazing Culture Aspects of Eygpt
Hieroglyphics was the writing system the Egyptians used.
Boats and Ships
Boats and ships were a great innovation created by the Egyptians.
The Great Sphinx
One of the greatest architectural works in Egypt, it guarded the pyramids of Giza.
During The Old Kingdom pyramids in Giza were built.
Egyptian art was painted in tombs of Pharaohs. The art was painted flat, unlike today.
One of many temples Egyptians practiced their religion in.
Ancient Egyptian writers, wrote records and economical growth down on papyrus (paper).
Important people become mummified for the believed "afterlife".
One of the greatest innovations created by the Egyptians. Used to transport water out of the Nile River.
- The system of hieroglyphics served as one of the first written languages in the world
- Egyptians believed it was important to record and communicate information. For example the Egyptians used hieroglyphics as a way to keep track of the kingdom’s wealth. One example of a written record is the Rosetta Stone was found by French soldiers who were rebuilding a fort in Egypt.
- Egyptian children spent years learning the complicated system of hieroglyphics, which were pictures and symbols that could stand for either a word or a whole idea. Children had to learn hundreds of picture symbols, or hieroglyphics and turn them into sentences so they could eventually become a scribe (skilled writer). Only a small percentage of children (usually wealthy children) got the chance to learn the complicated hieroglyphics.
- Hieroglyphics could be read from right to left, left to right, or top to bottom in columns. Egyptians wrote on thin scrolls of papyrus, an early form of paper. Not just on paper but also on walls. People wrote hieroglyphics on walls on people’s tombs around the walls.
- Throughout three thousand years of ancient Egyptian civilization, at least three other scripts were used for different purposes. Using these scripts, scribes were able to preserve the beliefs, history and ideas of ancient Egypt in temple and tomb walls and on papyrus scrolls.
- Egyptians when making people inside tombs and pyramids they would make them 2 dimensional.
- The pyramids of Egypt impacted the study of geometry because of the 3 dimensional triangle shape. It impacted math because geometry was needed to create the pyramids.
- Egyptians built homes using clay from the Nile and were mixed with sand and straw which were sun baked into bricks. Most homes had a millstone to grind grain, a soil for storing wheat, and a hearth for baking bread. This is an example of early engineering.
- Houses were built on platforms to keep them above flood water. Windows were built up high, hot air rises and cool air descends. The windows drew in cool air and let hot air escape. This allowed them to keep the cool air inside. Doors were built four feet above the street to keep sand out, the stairs led up to the door. This is example of early science because scientists had to figure out the wind, how high the sand could blow, and how high the water would rise.
- Egypt used wood, limestone, and sandstone as well as granite. Stone was generally reserved for tombs and temples, while bricks were used even for royal palaces, fortresses, the walls of temple precincts and towns. This impacted mathematics because workers had to find the exact number of materials to use
Christopher, Eddy, and William
It was a lot of work, but it was fun.