Hypertension and Hypotension

A cardiovascular disease

what is Hypotension/Hypertension and who are more likely to get it?

Hypotension is the decrease of blood pressure.

Hypertension is the increase of blood pressure.

People are more likely to have low blood pressure can be anyone due to dehydration due to lack of food, or overly fatigued. Other causes may also be genetic make-up, aging, medication, dietary and physiological factors, infections, and allergies. Pregnant women, people with strong emotions, hardening of the arteries, diabetes, dizziness, elderly, and possibly due to blood pooling into the vessels of the stomach and intestines

People are most likely to have high blood pressure if they are smokers, elderly, people with a family history of high blood pressure, pregnant women, those who take birth control, African Americans, people over 35, over weight, drink alcohol excessively, non active, people who have sleep apnea and fatty foods.

What are symptoms of high and low blood pressure:

Symptoms of low blood pressure:

.blurry vision


.fainting (syncope)


.nausea or vomiting



Symptoms of high blood pressure:

this condition typically has no symptoms but if left untreated can lead to health conditions such as heart disease and or stroke.

How are they diagnosed?

Both high and low blood pressure can be diagnosed through blood tests.

Prognosis for low blood pressure

Treatment methods for both high blood pressure and low blood pressure:

Based on your diagnosis, health care providers develop treatment plans such as medicines to control high blood pressure, and lifestyle changes such as weight loss can be highly effective in treating high blood pressure.

Low blood pressure that doesn't cause symptoms or causes mild symptoms rarely requires treatment.If you have symptoms, the most appropriate treatment depends on the underlying cause, and doctors usually try to address the primary health problem — dehydration, heart failure, diabetes or hypothyroidism. When low blood pressure is caused by medications, treatment usually involves changing the dose of the medication or stopping it entirely. If it's not clear what's causing low blood pressure depending on your age, health status and the type of low blood pressure you have, you can do this in several ways:

.use more salt

.drink more water

.wear compression socks



Eric D.

Angela M.