Tay Sachs Disease
By Andrew Flatts and Elijah Ramseur
A fatal heredity disease occuring to children and infants. putting red dots on the eyes taking the ability to move or see well.
How is it Inherited
f both parents are carriers and their child inherits the defective Hex-A gene from each of them the child will have the disease. The trait can not be spread through any thing but heredity . Mutations in the HEXA gene cause this disease. The HEXA gene provide instructions for the making of an enzyme called beta-hexosaminidise.
Effects of Disease
The disease is only effective to infants from birth to 6 if they don't pass at age5,in the nervous system leading to:
- progressive blindness
- decreased muscle strength
- increased startle response
- paralysis or loss of muscle function
- muscular stiffness (spasticity)
- delayed mental and social development
- slow growth
- red spot on the macula (an oval-shaped area near the center of the retina in the eye)
There is no cure but it can be treated with medication ,respiratory care and physical therapy. The disorder can not be avoided for those that carry the disease they just have to hope.