By: Trevor Turner
The Downfall of Macbeth
Literary Device #1
- Device 1: Comic Relief. Comic relief is when comedy is added to relieve tension in literature. In Macbeth, a scene with comic relief in it is Act 2 Scene 3. Leading up to this scene, there was a lot of tension, because of the murder of Duncan. Suddenly, the mood shifts when a clearly drunken porter enters. The porter says, "Here’s a knocking indeed! If a man were porter of hell-gate, he should have old turning the key." he hears knocking, "Knock, knock, knock! Who’s there, i' th' name of Beelzebub? Here’s a farmer that hanged himself on the expectation of plenty. Come in time, have napkins enough about you, here you’ll sweat for ’t." (2.3). Because of this scene, the mood is lightened a bit, and things aren't so tense, showing coming
Literary Device #2
- Device 2: Tragic Hero. A tragic hero is someone in a story that is led to their downfall. This can be shown through many ways in Macbeth. In the story, the witches told Macbeth that he was going to be king after Duncan. Because Macbeth put too much trust into the witches, he was being led to his downfall. He said, "(aside) Two truths are told, As happy prologues to the swelling act Of the imperial theme." (1.3.130-132). This is saying that after the witches other two prophecies were true, he believes this prophecy has to become true. But, the witches never disclosed how Macbeth would become king, so Macbeth decided to take things into his own hands, and kill Duncan, which causes his downfall, making him a tragic hero.
Literary Device #3
- Device 3: Verbal Irony. Verbal irony is when one thing is said, but they mean another. Leading up to the use of verbal irony, Macbeth is plotting to murder Banquo. So, when Macbeth and Banquo planned to go to dinner together Macbeth says, "Fail not our feast" (3.1.29). Macbeth is saying this, but he knows that Banquo will not make it to the feast, because he will have been murdered. Because Macbeth says something that he means the opposite of, this shows verbal irony.
“I gave you the key when the door wasn't open, just admit it
See, I gave you faith, turned your doubt into hoping, can't deny it"
These lyrics are in the first 16 seconds of the song. These lyrics can be related to the downfall of Macbeth, because this is like what the witches did to Macbeth. They told him that he would become king, when the position of king wasn't yet open, like the first line, and they told him that he would become king, and made him begin hoping, much like the second line.