Plessy vs. Ferguson
Katherine Mazour and Piper Collins
Homer Plessy (7/8 white and 1/8 black) was arrested under the Jim Crow Car Act of 1890 because he took a seat in a car reserved for for whites. Plessy vs, Ferguson gave states rights to control social discrimination, to promote segregation of races, made opening for more Jim Crow Laws, and made segregation the law of the land until 1954. Plessy tested the constitutionality of the 1890 law. In 1896, the U.S, Supreme Court upheld law by 7-1 votes, Also in the same year, the court essentially legalized the seperate but equal document.
This ruling put the federal courts in support of the so-called separate but equal doctrine. At this time, blacks had no power, however, to make sure facilities such as schools and parks were equal.