The types of leaderships

By: Parker Adzema

Authoritarian leaders

Authoritarian leaders use power to control their people. They do not involve their followers in decisions. Pros: Authoritarian leaders make decisions faster and without arguing. Authoritarian leaders are often feared which means followers are more likely to listen.

Cons: Followers may be unhappy with not being able to make decisions in a group and eventually may start ignoring the leader. A good example of this is Adolf Hitler.

Democratic leaders

A democratic leader involves everyone in the decision making process. Pros: People are more likely to follow rules that they helped make. Democratic leaders are also respected since they involve everyone. Cons: Sometimes the people following a democratic leader don't know what is best for them. This could result in problems with the group. A good example of this is the president.

Laissez-faire leader

Laissez-faire leaders spread their power throughout members of the group. These leaders simply steer the group in a direction. Pros: This type of leadership involves everyone in the group. Cons: It is easy for group members to get in each others way when there isn't a leader that tells them what to do.

Balanced Leader

A balanced leader focuses on the task while keeping his group members happy. A balanced leader establishes good relationships with group members. Pros: Happy group members work together better. Group members can have fun while completing a task. Cons: Things can get off task sometimes.

Expert power

Expert power is held by someone who knows the most about the work that needs to be done. Pros: A leader with experience is more likely to get quality work done with their group. Cons: Just because a leader is informed about their work doesn't mean they have necessary leadership skills. A good example of this is the dentists who recommend a product in toothpaste commercials.

Informational power

Informational power is held by someone who has needed information. Pros: Having a leader that is educated ensures that the group will be able to do work that they couldn't without well-needed information. Cons: Sometimes leaders with information will do all the work in the group. A good example of this is a straight A student who is knowledgeable in multiple areas.

Referent power

Referent power is held by someone who is respected, liked, or admired. Pros: Group members are happier with someone they like as their leader. Cons: Someone who is well liked may be unable to get strict if his followers are disrespectful. The leader might not be the best leader in the group.

What leadership style and power do I use?

I am a balanced leader with informational power. I a am balanced leader because I like to give group members power but if things get out of hand I am ready to take charge. I have informational power because I have knowledge of a variety of topics.