European Country Discover Project

By: Lilly Barnett

Intro to Italy

Italy is a well knows spot in Europe. In Italy you could be siting in the café having some coffee and the next second you are strolling down the river in a boat. You will never un out of thing to do in Italy.

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Country Basics

In Italy's capitol ( Rome ) you find over 3,000 years of influential art and lots of architecture. The flag is also a big part of Italy. The flag was inspired by the French flag brought to Italy by Napoleon in 1797. Italy's flag has three vertical bands; a green band on the hoist side then white and red in that order. The green stands for hope, the white stands for faith and red stands for charity or sometimes the green stands for the hills, the white is for the snowcapped mountains and the red is for the blood lost in Italy's war for independence.

This picture shows the Italian Flag.

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Geography

Italy is in Southern Europe; a peninsula continuing into the central Mediterranean Sea, north east of Tunisia (another country). Italy also has many land forms and landmarks so here are some examples.....


Landforms-


The Alps- This mountain range is the most extensive mountain range in Europe that runs through France, Monaco, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, Austria and Slovenia. With a length of 1,200 kilometers.


Apennine Range- This mountain range runs 870 miles long and 25 to 125 miles wide. It is a series of mountain ranges combined to make the backbone of peninsular Italy.


Landmarks-There are numerous landmarks throughout Italy showing it's history and great architecture. A few examples are:


The Leaning Tower of Pisa-1173 was the year when construction started. The tower was interpreted many times during wars, fights, etc. But it began to lean because of the soft soil when the workers were only on the third floor in 1178. In the 1300's, the tower was complete. Over the next 800 years, it was noted that the tower is not just leaning anymore, it is falling at a rate of two millimeters per year. The Leaning Tower of Pisa is now a popular place to visit in Italy.


The Colosseum- The Colosseum is the largest and most famous amphitheater in the world. It was finished in the year 80 A.D.


The Sistine Chapel, located in Vatican City (inside the city of Rome) has famous paintings, completed by Michelangelo.


The city of Venice could be a landmark...but it is surrounded by water. It is known as "The City of Water", and is known for it's canals that connect the city together. It is a city where the canals and waterways are its streets.




Bodies of water-


Po River, Tiber River, Arno River, Garda Lake, Maggiore Lake, Lake Como, Lake Trasimeno, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, and Mediterranean Sea


These landforms and attractions get peoples attention and make Italy a great traveling destination for visitors.

The Leaning Tower of Pisa

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Government

Italy is a republic and the leaders are Matteo Renzi who is the prime minister and Sergio Mattarella who is the president. Sergio was actually elected chosen by members or parliament in January 2015. Citizens have the right to Personal Liberty, Personal Domicile,Freedom of Correspondence,Freedom of Movement, Right of Assembly,Freedom of Association, Freedom of Religion, Religious Associations, etc. But the president has no power but the prime minister does and they have three branches. Citizens cant vote on president or prime minister but they vote on parliament (congress).
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Economy

Italy is a very rich country. In fact it is one of the twenty most richest countries in the world. It is not very surprising because they have competitive agriculture, a major supplies in auto mobiles and appliances, great fashion industries and the largest wine production in the world. But they don't use dollars like we do, they use Euros to pay. Here are some important facts about Italy's Economy.....

Exports- engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco; minerals, nonferrous metals

Imports- engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; food, beverages, tobacco

life expectancy-82.94 years

birth rate- 8.5

literacy rate-97.8%

Euros

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Culture

In Italy, you will figure out very quickly that the major language is Italian. Italy celebrates all the holidays we do (they have some other holidays they do that we don't though) but they have some major holidays so they put on many festivals, parades. etc. on Easter, Christmas and New Years. But all around Italy, each little part has its own fashion. Most of Italy has a modern day fashion for a normal, regular day. But on These major holidays or just holidays in general, people get very festive with there appearance. Different parts of Italy dress different on special holidays and celebrations. It could go to men dressed as guards with the steel suited armor to the ladies wearing a festive dress with the flags colors just to show the culture. But when you celebrate, people celebrate in many different ways because they are a different religion. The most common/ major religion in Italy is Christian. For example on Christmas they celebrate Jesus and on New Years they make resolutions/ goals that they would like to achieve the upcoming year. But many people celebrate in many different ways.

Fireworks on New Year's Eve

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Climate / Weather

Italy in a costal climate that gets very cold in the winter but warm in the summer. It usually does not get as hot as it does in Texas. In Italy there is about 200 to 250mm of rainfall every year and the average temperature year round is 52-59 degrees f. But when it gets to cold, the Italian people are used to the snow and ice so children and adults still have to go to school and work but if it gets so bad they will close offices, stores, etc.

This picture shows Italy in the winter when it snowed.

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History

800-600 B.C.- Greeks, Etruscans and others settle in Italy

753 B.C.- Rome is founded. This marks the beginning of the Roman Kingdom

509 B.C.- The monarchy is overthrown, and Rome becomes a republic. From 46 to 44 B.C., Julius Caesar rules as dictator

27 B.C- Augustus becomes the first emperor of the Roman Empire. He is Julius Caesar's grand-nephew and adopted son

1200-1600 A.D-Rome, Florence and Venice prosper during the Renaissance, a period of renewed interest in culture.

1861-Italy becomes a unified nation under King Victor Emmanuel II.

1915-Italy enters World War I on the side of the Allies.

1940-1943-Italy sides with Germany and enters World War II. In 1943, dictator Benito Mussolini is forced to resign

1946-Italians vote to end the monarchy and make their nation a democratic republic.

1984-Catholicism is no longer Italy's formal state religion.

2008-Billionaire Silvio Berlusconi returns to power as prime minister. He begins a third term.

2009-In April, the mountainous area of Abruzzo is badly hit by an earthquake. Many people are injured and left homeless


All these events are important to us even today because this is what builds up Italy and makes it such a great country.

Italy enters WWI

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Compare and Contrast

In Italy you will see many things that are totally different than what we see in the U.S. First, you have Italian restaurants in the U.S. but is it as good as the real deal in Italy? Well in Italy you have your nice cheesy pastas with salads while in the U.S. we eat well... EVERYTHING! We have Chinese restaurants, Italian restaurants, fast food restaurants, etc. But we really eat all American food like burgers, fries, hotdogs, etc. We also speak different languages. Italian speaks Italian and we speak English. As simple as that, or is it? Americans may speak English and are able to speak another languages but English is the hardest language to learn/ speak.


In Italy you will pay for meals ,bills, fees, etc. in mostly cash because they don't use many debt or credit cards even some places wont let you pay with anything except cash but in the U.S. almost everything is accounted for with a card now days. But we also don't have the same transportation. In Italy, rivers run through the city like our streets in the U.S. Many people take boats or ride bikes depending on the weather. But we have some similarities! we both have a head leader (the president) and we both have a flag to represent our country because everybody has that. We also both celebrate holidays like Christmas, New Years Eve, etc.

This picture shows USA vs. Italy.

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