Pandas

Luke Sonetz Period 8 5/16/16

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Habitat


This species is found only in central and western China, in the Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Gansu provinces. Population in the wild is estimated at 1,600 individuals spread throughout 29 fragmented populations. The greatest number of the animals (about 980) live in more than 50 protected panda reserves. Recent surveys (2000-2002) have found population numbers significantly higher than earlier estimates, although it is not clear whether these results represent real increases in population, better methods of surveying, or some combination of these factors. The only suitable habitat is forest with a bamboo understory between 5,900-12,500 ft (1,800-3,800 m). (Encyclopedia of Endangered Species 1), the giant pandas' natural habitat (home in the wild) and main food supply (bamboo plants) have shrunk drastically in the past few decades. The cause: human activities like logging, urban sprawl, and illegal hunting known as poaching. (Science World 1)

Movement

The Panda has 4 legs and a tail. Young panda cubs love to play around while the adults eat and rest. Baby panda's are fast learners, they learn to walk from only 4 months of age! Humans are about 1 to 2 years. The baby pandas are taught by their mom and dad how to eat and climb, too, you should call it panda school! Panda's do have a backbone, which helps them move. Panda's are actually pretty fast, they can run up to 20 miles per hour. That's one beary cool animal!
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Body Covering

The Panda is black and white. The body is chiefly white, and the limbs are brownish black, with the dark color extending up over the shoulder. The ears and eye patches are black. (Columbia Encyclopedia 1) The giant panda superficially resembles a bear, but its classification has been disputed; genetic research, however, indicates it is related to the bears, family Ursidae. The body is chiefly white, and the limbs are brownish black, with the dark color extending up over the shoulder. The ears and eye patches are black. Adults weigh from 200 to 300 lb (90–140 kg) and are from 4.5 to 5 ft (140–150 cm) long with a 5-in. (13-cm) tail. (The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ 1.)
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Diet

Bamboo makes up 99 percent of their diet. (discovery ed 1) Adults weigh from 200 to 300 lb (90–140 kg) and are from 4.5 to 5 ft (140–150 cm) long with a 5-in. (13-cm) tail. The Giant Pandas are carnivores, or order carnivora. Giant pandas live in restricted areas of the high mountain bamboo forests of central China; their diet consists almost entirely of bamboo shoots. (Columbia Encyclopedia 1) Because the panda is heavily dependent upon one food source, it is vulnerable to any changes or decreases in the supply of that source. Thirty giant pandas living in captivity at Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding in southwestern China are eating cookies these days. But the cream-colored "biscuits" aren't dessert. They're made from bamboo, a giant panda's favorite food, and they're packed with vitamins and other nutrients. Researchers at the center developed the biscuit recipe in order to supplement the giant pandas' diet of fresh bamboo. The researchers say the pandas find the biscuits delicious. Even so, you probably wouldn't want to steal one of these goodies from the cookie jar! (National Geographic Kids 1) Panda's like to eat for 12-16 hours! What an appetite! It also eats bulbs, roots, eggs, and some small mammals. (discovery ed 1)

Reproduction


A fully grown giant panda weighs 900 times the weight of its newborn! That's a tiny baby, especially considering that a human adult is only about 20 times the weight of a human baby. At birth, a panda cub is about the size of a stick of butter. (Catin1) Rare in the wild, they breed poorly. but using artificial insemination and techniques designed to enable a female panda to raise twins. Chinese scientists have greatly improved the reproduction rate of captive pandas. ( The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia 1) Mating season is a couple days, not even a week! This season happens between March-May.Before giving birth, a mother panda will begin gathering nesting material in a hollow tree or other secluded area. She usually gives birth to 2 cubs about the size and weight of a stick of butter (about 6 inches long and weighing about 4 ounces). The tiny babies are covered with soft, fine white hair and their eyes are tightly closed. Like other mammals, pandas feed their babies milk. Because the mother can only nurse and protect one cub at a time, the weaker one usually dies.

Adaptations

Each of the various species of bamboo that provide the bulk of the panda's diet has a life cycle ranging from 40-80 years or more. This cycle includes flowering, seeding, and dying of the entire crop at once. If this occurs in an area with only one species of bamboo, the giant panda may need to move into a new territory to find food. Such a move can be difficult, however, as human settlement has reduced habitat and isolated panda populations. With fragmented populations, starvation is a danger whenever main crops of bamboo flower and die. Fragmentation caused by habitat destruction also leads to a risk of inbreeding. (Encyclopedia of Endangered Species 1) China also has begun to create wildlife corridors. Wildlife corridors are continuous areas of wildlife that connect larger reserves. China also has banned logging in many areas, and it has made efforts to replant forests. However, research indicates that pandas prefer old-growth forests. (Swaisgood 1)
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Other Info

  • There is a Red Panda
  • This species is found only in central and western China (Encyclopedia of Endangered Species 1)
  • There is a song called "Panda"
  • The Red panda lives in India
  • The Panda's are almost extinct
  • panda, name for two nocturnal Asian mammals of the order Carnivora: the red panda, Ailurus fulgens, and the giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca. (The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia 1)
  • There is only 2000 left
  • The leader of the panda family is called the chief
  • People host naming ceremonies for newborn panda's.
  • In 2008, an earthquake hit china, leaving panda's without food and a home
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Work Cited


The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. "Panda." Panda. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Gale Research. Web. 10 May 2016. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sort=RELEVANCE&docType=Brief+article&tabID=T001&prodId=MSIC&searchId=R3&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchType=BasicSearchForm&contentSegment=&currentPosition=1&searchResultsType=MultiTab&inPS=true&userGroupName=auro18260&docId=GALE%7CA69218500&contentSet=GALE%7CA69218500>.

Entin, Carli. "Oh Baby!" "Bearly" There: n. pag. Print.

Giant Panda (Ailuropoda Melanoleuca). N.p.: n.p., n.d. Gale Research. Web. 10 May 2016. <http://Encyclopedia of Endangered Species.>.

Panda. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Discovery Education. Web. 12 May 2016. <https://app.discoveryeducation.com/search?Ntt=panda&utm_source=typeahead_selected&utm_medium=banner&utm_campaign=renewals2015#selItemsPerPage=60&intCurrentPage=0&No=0&N=0&Ne=&Ntt=panda&Ns=&Nr=&browseFilter=&Ntk=&indexVersion=>.

Panda. N.p.: n.p., n.d. World Book Student. Web. 12 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar412700&st=panda#tab=homepage>.

"Pandas." Science Weekly: n. pag. Gale Reaserch. Web. 11 May 2016. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sort=RELEVANCE&docType=Article&tabID=T003&prodId=MSIC&searchId=R5&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchType=BasicSearchForm&contentSegment=&currentPosition=6&searchResultsType=SingleTab&inPS=true&userGroupName=auro18260&docId=GALE%7CA79075072&contentSet=GALE%7CA79075072>.

Science Weekly. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 11 May 2016. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sort=RELEVANCE&docType=Article&tabID=T003&prodId=MSIC&searchId=R5&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchType=BasicSearchForm&contentSegment=&currentPosition=6&searchResultsType=SingleTab&inPS=true&userGroupName=auro18260&docId=GALE%7CA79075072&contentSet=GALE%7CA79075072>.