Grains

By: Treyvon Gilyard 3hr

Nutrients

  1. Grains are important sources of many nutrients, including dietary fiber, several B vitamins and minerals
  2. The B vitamins thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin play a key role in metabolism – they help the body release energy from protein, fat, and carbohydrates. B vitamins are also essential for a healthy nervous system.
  3. Whole grains are sources of magnesium and selenium. Magnesium is a mineral used in building bones and releasing energy from muscles.

Benefits From the Grains Group

  1. Consuming whole grains as part of a healthy diet may reduce the risk of heart disease.
  2. Consuming foods containing fiber, such as whole grains, as part of a healthy diet, may reduce constipation.
  3. Eating whole grains may help with weight management.
  4. Eating grain products fortified with folate before and during pregnancy helps prevent neural tube defects during fetal development.

Subgroups

Whole Grains contain the entire grain kernel- the bran, germ, and endosperm. Examples are oatmeal, whole-grain flour cornmeal, etc.


Refined Grains- have been milled , a process that moves germs and bran. This is done to give grains fiber texture and improve their shelf life.

Food Label Tips

  1. Check the severing size
  2. Understand the percentages