Joceliz Vega & Monica Gonzalez

The Mangroves

Mangroves are various large and extensive types of trees up to medium height and shrubs that grow in saline coastal sediment habitats in the tropics and subtropics—mainly between latitudes 25° N

Abiotic & biotic factors

  • Some Abiotic factors are salinity, temperature, and oxygen.With salinity, mangroves have adapted many ways to prevent salt intake.Some excrete salt through their leaves, and some have root systems that are too small for salt particles, but just big enough for water to pass through.
  • Some biotic factors are tree,birds,sea-snakes, sponges,racoons,snails,green sea turtle,manatee.

The main job of the Mangroves

The main job of the mangrove is Like coral reefs, mangrove forests are extremely productive ecosystems that provide numerous good and services both to the marine environment and people, such as Fisheries, Timber and plant products, Coastal protection, Tourism.

The role of the mangrove

The role to provide a home to animals and to provide good services to the animals.
The Beauty of Mangrove Forests

Endangered animals in the Mangroves

  • proboscis monkeys
  • Zanzibar red colobus
  • salt harvest mouse

Human Impacts

Positive impacts

  • humans plant in the mangroves to slow down erosion
  • replanting and protection of seedlings from wave energy.
  • actively manage and monitor the planted sites, accretion and erosion sites, mature healthy and depleted stands


  • pollution from human activities which carried into mangrove forests by streams or runoff.
  • Artisanal fishermen caused local damage to the mangroves by hauling their boats through the mangrove forest to hide and protect their boats and equipment.
  • replanting and protection of seedlings from wave energy.

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Classifying Organisms

Shark Names






Genus-The white shark