Turner Syndrome

By: Jacob "Mullet Man" Horsch. Biology 1st Hour

Who discovered Turner Syndrome, and what is the current status of research for the disease?

Turner Syndrome was first discovered and researched in 1938 by a man who went by the name of Dr. Henry Turner. There is ongoing research by scientists worldwide, children's hospitals, and many prestigious colleges in the United States. Some current research can be found at Stanford University's Scientific research laboratories.

What are the signs and symptoms of Turner Syndrome?

Some Common signs and symptoms of Turner Syndrome are:

  • Poor Growth
  • Short Stature
  • Delayed and or absent pubertal stages
  • Loss of ovarian functions
  • Infertility
  • Heart defects
  • Kidney problems
  • Colored spots on skin

and many many more different symptoms and signs of Turner Syndrome.

How Common is Turner Syndrome, and is it more frequent in a certain gender, or ethnicity?

Every year in the United States of America there are about less than 200,000 cases reported annually. But the likelihood of being diagnosed with Turner Syndrome in the US is about 1 in every 2,000 female births, or in about 10% of all female miscarriages. Turner Syndrome is only found in women.

What are the possible treatment options for Turner Syndrome?

There is no possible cure at this moment in time for Turner Syndrome, but treatment of the two main symptoms of Turner Syndrome which are Short Stature and Lack of Ovarian development. Possible Treatments are:

  • Growth Hormone Treatment a girl's childhood and adolescent years
  • Estrogen Therapy to allow the start of puberty in people diagnosed with Turner Syndrome, and to develop adult sexual development.

What is the typical prognosis of people who are diagnosed with Turner Syndrome?

Typical prognosis for females with Turner Syndrome is good. Their typical life expectancy is slightly shorter than average when compared to females who do not have Turner Syndrome.
Big image

How is Turner Syndrome Inherited?

Turner Syndrome is not technically inherited in any certain way. Turner Syndrome is a frame shift mutation, usually caused by a missing an X-Chromosome in females, or an X-Chromosome is wildly alter. Half the people affected only have monosomy X (one X chromosome in all their cells). But others affected might have a partially or rearranged X-Chromosome.


CIBSR. (n.d.). Retrieved April 04, 2016, from http://cibsr.stanford.edu/research/previous-studies/turners.html

Turner syndrome. (n.d.). Retrieved April 04, 2016, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/turner-syndrome/basics/symptoms/con-20032572

Turner Syndrome Society of the United States. (n.d.). Retrieved April 04, 2016, from http://www.turnersyndrome.org/#!about-turner-syndrome/c42u