Mongolia

By: Micah K. Period 7

An Intro to Mongolia



  • Mongolia is a country located Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Ulaanbaatar is the capital and also the largest city in Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar also is home to about 45% of the population.


  • Capital: Ulan Bator

  • Currency: Mongolian tögrög

  • Population: 2.796 million

  • President: Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj

  • Government: Parliamentary republic

  • Official Language: Mongolian language


  • Geography & Travel

    The capital city of Mongolia is Utan Bator. 40% of Mongolia's population lives here. Other big cities in Mongolia include Erdenet and Darkhan. Most people live in these places because these cities have more buildings and are more developed than some other parts of Mongolia.


    The Altai Mountains is a mountain range in East - Central Asia. The mountains go through Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and Russia. Altai means "Golden Mountain", which is how the mountains got their name. The highest point of the Altai Mountains is Belukha Mountain. The mountain range has many large lakes around for example Lake Kucherla.

    May people in Mongolia get around by bus. They have few airports with small paved runways. There are some taxi services but not very many. In Mongolia, they have many rent-able jeeps available. People (mainly) who live in the country side have horses and cows that they use to get around. Another way daring people get around is hitchhiking, which is not a very safe way of getting around anywhere.
    altai mountains in Mongolia

    Government & Foreign Policy

    Mongolia is a parliamentary republic. The president is Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj and the three branches of the government are Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. The government is limited and some current problems include air pollution, such as carbon monoxide, carbon, and carbon dioxide. Also mental heath issues are becoming more common, too. In Mongolia, the people have equal rights and are mostly treated well. In America, we are very fortunate to have good rights and to be treated equally. Mongolia is included in United Nations and NATO. Mongolia helps North Korea with food and receives aid from Australia for mining. Mongolia has a good relationship with Australia, North Korea, America, and Russia. Australia helps Mongolia with their mining, North Korea gets help from Mongolia with food, ans America and Russia are close allies with Mongolia.

    Economy

    The currency of Mongolian is the Mongolian tögrög. One Mongolian tögrög converts to 0.00057 American dollars. Mongolia exports coal, copper, iron, gold, petroleum, animal hair, zinc, lead, silver, animal organs, meat, horse meat, sheep hides, wool, and knit sweaters. Mongolia imports coal, petroleum, iron, delivery trucks, house linens, iron bars, planes, helicopters, men's suits, tobacco, women's coats, men's coats, tractors, electrical control boards, and wheat flours. The GDP per capita is $5,900. This is rank 152 in the entire world. This country, I think is not wealthy, but not absolutely terrible. It is a low rank but not too bad.

    Social & Ethnic Groups

    The ethnic groups of Mongolia include Khalkh 81.9%, Kazak 3.8%, Dorvod 2.7%, Bayad 2.1%, Buryat-Bouriates 1.7%, Zakhchin 1.2%, Dariganga 1%, Uriankhai 1%, and other 4.6%. Education in Mongolia is very good and is at a good rate. Many kids get to have a good education. Women get mostly equal rights in many important things. However, there has been a lot of violence with children like sexual abuse. Authorities have not taken these things very seriously, though. The literacy rate in Mongolia is 96.8% for men and 97.9% for women. From this information, someone can conclude that Mongolia is a good and equal country for men and women. The majority ethnic group is Khalkh. There have been no major conflicts between ethnic groups in Mongolia.
    Mongolian Show - Jalam Khar dance
    This is a traditional Mongolian dance (male).

    Religion, Language, & Country Flag

    The main religions of Mongolia include Buddhist 53%, Muslim 3%, Christian 2.2%, Shamanist 2.9%, other .4, none 38.6. The most practiced and dominate religion is Buddhist. The languages include Khalkha Mongol 90%, which is the official language of Mongolia, Turkic and Russian.

    On Mongolia's flag, there are 3 strips one blue and two red. On the left, red strip, there is a yellow symbol of Buddhist Soyombo, which is now the official symbol of Mongolia. The blue represents the sky and land of Mongolia which means healing, and purity. The red represents advancement and freedom.

    Traditional Holidays or Festivals, Traditional Clothing, and Food

    Naadam is the biggest festival in Mongolia. It is also called "the three games of men". The three games are archery, Mongolian wrestling, and horse-back riding. Women have started to do horse-back riding and archery, but not wrestling. The biggest festival is held in the capital of Mongolia. Before the festival they have an elaborate ceremony that has many people including dancers, athletes, horse riders, and musicians. Soon after that the competitions and events begin. The time is during July 11-13.

    The traditional clothing in Mongolia is called a deel. It looked like a large overcoat and is sometimes worn with a silk sash. There are also fur, leather, and cashmere deels.

    Below, there is a recipe for Mongolian beef. It is a very popular plate in Mongolia that many people enjoy. Another very popular dish in Mongolia is mutton, which can come in dumplings.

    Big image

    Spicy Mongolian Beef

    Ingredients:


    8 oz beef tenderloin (thinly sliced)
    2 tablespoons cooking oil
    2 stalks leeks/scallion (sliced diagonally)
    1 inch ginger (finely chopped)
    3 cloves garlic (thinly sliced)

    Marinade:

    1 teaspoon corn starch
    1 teaspoon soy sauce
    1 tablespoon water
    1 teaspoon Chinese cooking wine (rice wine or Shaoxing wine)

    Sauce:

    2 teaspoons oyster sauce
    2 tablespoons soy sauce
    1/2 teaspoon dark soy sauce
    3 dashes white pepper powder
    1/4 teaspoon sesame oil
    1/4 teaspoon Maggi seasoning
    1 tablespoon sugar or to taste
    Salt to taste

    Method:

    Marinate the beef slices with the seasonings for 30 minutes. Heat up a wok with 1 tablespoon of oil and stir-fry the marinated beef until they are half-done. Dish out and set aside.

    Heat up another 1 tablespoon of oil and saute the garlic and ginger until aromatic. Add the beef back into the wok and then the sauce. Continue to stir-fry until the beef slices are almost done, then add the leeks/scallions into the wok. Do a few quick stirs, add salt to taste, dish out and serve hot.

    For mutton dumplings recipe, see http://recipesandfoods.com/steamed-mutton-dumplings/

    Notable People

    Genghis Khan was the founder of the Mongol Empire. He was born in Temujin in 1162. At a young age, his Father died, which left his family scouring for food. He killed his half brother when he was only a boy and got married at age 16 but had much more wives in his lifetime. By age 20 he was a cruel and mean warrior. He had many countries surrender to Genghis through fear. Genghis Khan developed one of Asias most developed armies that were known for being fast and ruthless. In 1206 Genghis was proclaimed the great leader or " the great Khan". In 1215, Genghis Khan and his army captured the capital city which is currently called Beijing. Genghis Khan died at age 62 (in 1227) when he fell off of his horse and suffered from the internal injuries it left. Genghis Khan's Mongolian empire soon after became the largest ever.

    History

    In 1206 - 1263, the Mongols take over present day Mongolian and present day Beijing. Soon after, the Ming army take back present day Beijing. In 1400 - 1454, a civil war ends the Mongol unity. In 1571, the Mongols end the war with China. Then, in 1586, Buddhism became the official religion of Mongolia. In 1911, Mongolia declares independence from China. But then, in 1921, Mongolia gains independence from China. In 1945, Mongolia declares war on Japan.
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