The Korean War
America's Forgotten War
Before the War
After the end of World War II, the world was split into two- East and West. The East was dominated by the communists, primarily the USSR and China. The West consisted of the U.N, and many other capitalist countries. While the capitalists and communists could not battle each other directly for fear of violating treaties and further damaging the planet after World War 2. Thus, the Cold War was born. The two towering empires battled each other across the world through different proxy countries, never encountering each other directly, focused intensely on increasing their influence.
Until the end of World War II, Korea was a colony of Japan. After the war ended, it was decided by the Allies that Japan would be stripped of all its colonies, with the USSR taking charge of decolonizing Korea above the 38th parallel, with the U.S taking responsibility for any villages below the 38th parallel. This division was meant to be temporary, with both Koreas unifying under one democratic government after the chaos of the post war period passed. However, the USSR had other plans, and blocked elections in North Korea, instead supporting Kim Il Sung.
The Korean War lasted 3 years, from 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953. While to tide of battle shifted many times in these three short years, it ended with a stalemate that is still maintained today. The greatest effect it had was making Americans more aware and afraid of communism, and set the backdrop for the Vietnam War. China established itself as a world power, and General Douglas MacArthur was relieved from duty by President Truman