Platinum

Pt

Discovery of Platinum

In 1557, an Italian named Julius Scaliger discovered and journaled about a metal from Central America that could not melt. Then in 1735, a Spanish man named Antonio Ulloa found the metal that Scaliger was describing, and he took some home. On his way back from Central America, his ship was captured by Britain's Royal Navy. The Royal Navy took the metal back to London where the members of the Royal Society discussed it and talked highly of it. By the 1750's, Platinum was highly talked about all throughout Europe

Uses of Platinum

Platinums most known use is for jewelry and beauty purposes. But, its main use is for catalytic converters in automobiles. The reason is because platinum does a good job of converting emissions from a vehicle into less harmful products, which is very beneficial to the environment. Platinum is also used as a catalyst, to make certain computer products like hard disks, and for tooth fillings. It also is used in chemotherapy to try and help stop cancer.

Platinum in Nature

Platinum is the rarest of the precious metals. Platinum is found in its natural state in nature. However, Platinum can be commercially produced and found in other states. Most Platinum that is commercially produced is found in a compound of platinum sulfide which is called Copperite which originates from South Africa. Platinum is also produced from Nickel and Copper refining.
Platinum - Periodic Table of Videos

Top 3 Producers of Platinum

1- South Africa

2- Russia

3- Zimbabwe

Origin of the Name Platinum

The name platinum is derived from the Spanish word "platina", which means little silver.

Melting and Boiling Temperatures

Melting- 1772 degrees C

Boiling- 3827 degrees C

Red-Hot Platinum Ingot - Periodic Table of Videos

Works Cited

Alchemist-hp. (2010, February 27). Platinum Nugget [Photograph]. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Platinum-nugget.jpg

Gray, T. W. (2007). Vapor Deposited Crystal [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.periodictable.com/Items/078.14/index.html

Platinum. (n.d.). Retrieved December 7, 2015, from Royal Society of Chemistry website: http://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/78/platinum

Platinum. (n.d.). Retrieved December 14, 2015, from https://www.hobart.k12.in.us/ksms/PeriodicTable/platinum.htm

Platinum Ore [Photograph]. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2013-09/have-modern-scientists-made-any-advancements-alchemy

Videos, P. (2013, April 12). Red-Hot Platinum Ingot [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gRpZLYd6HGU

Videos, P. (2013, June 26). Platinum- Periodic Table of Videos [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=byzaoji_9kk