Sickle Cell Anemia

By: Jonah Small

Overview

Sickle cell anemia is a condition in which there arn't enough blood cells that are heathly which carry the right amount of oxygen throughout your body

Inherited

  • Sickle cell anemia is inherited by blood disorder that arises from one single amino acid which has a substitution proteins.
  • The cells arn't inherited by themselves, they are inherited by pairs one copy from each parent.
  • There is a 25% chance that a child will have or devlop the disease if the parents are carriers.

Reasearch

  • People who have sickle cell anemia can live in good health given proper medical care. sickle cell anemia patients are living longer since the 1970s.
  • Bone marrow transplants can cure sickle cell anemia.
  • In 2005 A report showed that there was a drug given to young childern that had positive results because children are suscepitble for more complications resulting from sickle cell anemia.
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Symptoms

If you have sickle cell anemia it will usally show within the first two years of your life.
  • Anemia - fatigue
  • The symptoms show as in hands and feet swelling.
  • your skin could turn a yellowish color.
  • Sickle cell anemia may damage the spleen, which helps fight infections.
  • Delayed growth because of limited supply of oxygen in blood cells.

Tests and Treatments

At birth newborns are screened for hemoglobin S, a blood test that checks for the defective form of hemoglobin.

  • Bone marrow transplants are the only cure for sickle cell anemia
  • Antibiotics are used as early as 2 months of age to help prevent infections.
  • Pain-Relieving medication to relieve pain from an affected area.
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Works Cited

“Sickle Cell Anemia.” Mayo Clinic. N.p., 11 June 2014. Web. 7 Apr. 2016. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sickle-cell-anemia/basics/definition/con-20019348>.

Sickle Cell Anemia. 2011. Science in Context. Web. 5 Apr. 2016.

Sickle Cell Anemia. 2007. Science in Context. Web. 5 Apr. 2016.

“Sickle Cell Anemia.” Sickle Cell Anemia. 2014. N. pag. Science in Context. Web. 6 Apr. 2016.

“What are Signs and Symptoms of Sickle Cell Diesease.” National Heart And Blood Institute. N.p., 12 June 2015. Web. 7 Apr. 2016. <http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/sca/signs>.