Sickle Cell Anemia
By: Jonah Small
- Sickle cell anemia is inherited by blood disorder that arises from one single amino acid which has a substitution proteins.
- The cells arn't inherited by themselves, they are inherited by pairs one copy from each parent.
- There is a 25% chance that a child will have or devlop the disease if the parents are carriers.
- People who have sickle cell anemia can live in good health given proper medical care. sickle cell anemia patients are living longer since the 1970s.
- Bone marrow transplants can cure sickle cell anemia.
- In 2005 A report showed that there was a drug given to young childern that had positive results because children are suscepitble for more complications resulting from sickle cell anemia.
- Anemia - fatigue
- The symptoms show as in hands and feet swelling.
- your skin could turn a yellowish color.
- Sickle cell anemia may damage the spleen, which helps fight infections.
- Delayed growth because of limited supply of oxygen in blood cells.
Tests and Treatments
At birth newborns are screened for hemoglobin S, a blood test that checks for the defective form of hemoglobin.
- Bone marrow transplants are the only cure for sickle cell anemia
- Antibiotics are used as early as 2 months of age to help prevent infections.
- Pain-Relieving medication to relieve pain from an affected area.
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“Sickle Cell Anemia.” Sickle Cell Anemia. 2014. N. pag. Science in Context. Web. 6 Apr. 2016.“What are Signs and Symptoms of Sickle Cell Diesease.” National Heart And Blood Institute. N.p., 12 June 2015. Web. 7 Apr. 2016. <http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/sca/signs>.