The First and Fourth Amendment

allowing the people freedom of personal preference!

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The First Amendment

  • This amendment states : "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."
  • This simply means that the American people will benefit from freedom of speech and thought, freedom to believe in any religion they choose, freedom to publish information in the press and media, and the freedom to assemble and communicate ideas for the good of the nation.
  • "The First Amendment was written because at America's inception, citizens demanded a guarantee of their basic freedoms. Our blueprint for personal freedom and the hallmark of an open society, the First Amendment protects freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly and petition."
  • It passed through the House and the Senate with almost no record of debate or argument. It was submitted with the Bill of Rights to the states for ratification on September 25, 1789 and adopted on December 15, 1791.

The Fourth Amendment

  • This amendment states: "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects,[a] against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."
  • This basically means that people have the choice to allow people to search their homes and lets people be secure in their own homes knowing they have this right. The American people benefit from this security of having the choice to have their privacy violated.
  • "The Founders' interest in protecting Americans against unreasonable searches and seizures (and in requiring particularized warrants, as the subsequent Warrant Clause of the Fourth Amendment mandates) arises out of a trio of famous eighteenth-century cases, two from England and one from the colonies. The English cases, Entick v. Carrington (1765) and Wilkes v. Wood (1763), involved pamphleteers who were critics of the government. Both were arrested and all their books and papers seized (and, in Wilkes's case, all the papers of forty-nine of his friends) using warrants that named neither the suspects nor the places to be searched. Both defendants sued the seizing agents for trespass and won judgments in their favor."
  • This amendment was ratified on December 15, 1791.