Ancient Egypt

Sadie, Elise, Jane'a, Raven, Jacky

The Ancient Egyptians by Sadie Hoffman


Egypt’s civilization developed near the Nile River. Every year, because of Egypt’s heavy rainfall, the Nile overflowed and left behind a layer of fresh silt. The silt eventually transformed into rich black soil in which grains, vegetables, flax and other settled farm life necessities could be grown. Ancient Egypt was much marshier than it is now, and was home to hippopotami and elephants, which the Egyptians hunted for meat. Later, Egyptians began to domesticate the smaller animals of the area and used these for meat.

By Sadie Hoffman, Historian

The civilization advanced when they came into contact with Mesopotamians from Asia, who had a more advanced culture. They influenced the Egyptians to develop their own written language, similar to what the Mesopotamians had. This was the start of hieroglyphics.

This was the start of the “Old Kingdom”, which lasted from 2700 BC-2200 BC. The Egyptians were ruled by Pharoahs for about 3,000 years with the exception of a few short periods of time when they were conquered by other civilizations. These kings, or Pharaohs, were laid to rest in tombs when they died, along with many of their riches. This was the purpose of the famous pyramids of Egypt, which were built during this early period.

After a brief period of civil war, the Middle Kingdom started in 2050 BC. The Egyptians figured out the patterns of the Nile and that when the Nile was deep enough they could sail to other civilizations, trading with them, and increasing the wealth of Egypt. The Middle Kingdom came to end around 1530 BC when they were conquered by the Hyksos.

The defeat of the Hyskos was the beginning of the New Kingdom, which lasted from about 1630-330 BC. Having learned the methods of warfare from their experience of the Hyskos conquer Egypt, Egyptians started conquering other nations. These nations brought before the Pharoah, who was now their leader, goods, food, presents and slaves. This is how the Egyptians ended up with Jews as slaves. This was the period of the famous pharaohs King Tutankhamen (King Tut) and Ramses II. With the help of slave labor, both built huge temples and tombs that are still standing today. The treasury had been drained by extensive building projects and by the army. Hungry workers had to go on strike to get their wages in grain. The rule of Egypt by Egyptians ended with Queen Cleopatra, after which Egypt was conquered by the Romans.

Life in Ancient Egypt As A Peasant By Elise Playe, Anthropologist

In the Ancient Egyptian Civilization, the peasants were not paid a lot for their work. After they were done working with the crops, the pharaon ( who was the king ) could just tell them to go work on builting temples or other hard works.Some sacred animals were cautiously kept in temples. When Egyptian Civilization stopped working, the egyptians came to look at every animal of these sort as sacred. They preserved thousands and thousands of crocodiles, cats, and ibises and buried them in cemeteries called Serapeum, at Memphis.

The Ancient Egyptians Civilization's religion

The Ancient Egyptians used salts and chemicals to keep dead bodies.These were called mummies. They made mummies for cats, ibises and crocodiles too. Mummies of important people would rest in in a fancy coffin called sarcophagi. King Tutankhamen's sarcophagi was made out of solid gold.Some gods were known by everybody: Ra, the god of the sun, Horus, the god of the sky, and Osiris , the god of the death. Towns had gods that would protect them.

The Ancient Egyptian Civilization's Communication

They had writing, and every single advanced civilization had. They had three ways of writing: hieroglyphs, hieratic and demotic. The ancient egyptians developed a rapid script way of writing called demotic during the Late Period. They developed demotic from a way of writing on a papyrus with a pen called hieratic. They developed hieratic from a carving writing system called hieroglyhs. Hieroglyphs comes from two greek words: hieros which means “ sacred” and glyphein meaning “to carve”. That was their way to communicate .

By georapher jacky silva

Our civilzation was in north east africa .And did you know that the nile river run though our civialzation .there geogaphy did lead to scsuss like every time it rains the nile woulde flood and give them a lot of water and good futrlzer. And with there natural resources they woulde bliut homes with rocks sitcks .And now there is a more modern egypt around libya and sudan.

Archaelogist By: Raven Smith

Our civilization was located in North East Africa. And also did you know that people in the Ancient Egypt used to drag stone for the great pyramid 980 ft across the desert. There most special inventions are the ones that had to use when they needed protection. Do you know what ancient egypts special important inventions were? They built their home out of mud in villages that got dryed from the sun.