The Roman Republic

(Everything you need to know about the Roman Republic)

Who were the Patricians and how much power did they have?

The Patricians were a small group of wealthy landowners. The Patricians had all the power in the Roman Republic. Since the Patricians had all of this power, they was able to put most of their power in the hands of the Senate and they also appointed other government officials and served to be judges.

Who were the Plebeians and how much power did they have?

The plebeians were mainly peasants, laborers, craftspeople, and shopkeepers. (Actually, they were ordinary people). The Plebeians had no power in the Roman Republic. Since, they didn't have any power, some of them were usually slaves. They were usually working for Patrician families. Also, if the Plebeians were too poor or bankrupt, they wouldn't have a house.
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How long were Roman Senators elected for?

Roman Senators were elected for a lifetime because they had to advised the consuls and the Assembly, they had to direct spending cost (including tax dollars), approve or disapprove laws made by the Assembly and make decisions concerning the relationships and foreign powers. On a worksheet, it states, " The Senate was a group of 300 Patricians elected by Patricians. The senators served for life." That means that Roman Senators were elected for a lifetime.
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Who typically held the most power in the Roman Republic?

The Patricians held the most power in the Roman Replbic because they had control of the government, they were judges, wealthy landowners, they control the most valuable land and they also held the important military and religious offices. On the worksheet, it states, " Patricians controlled the most valuable land. They also held the important military and religious offices." Also, on http://rome.mrdonn.org/senate.html, it states. " All members of the Senate were of the Patrician or wealthy landowner class." This means that the Patricians held the most power in the Roman Republic.
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About how long did the Roman Republic last?

The Roman Empire last 106 years. On http://web.ics.purdue.edu/~rauhn/fall_of_republic.htm, it states, " Internal turmoil provoked in 133 BC by economic stagnation in the city of Rome, slave revolts without, and dissension in the military precipitated a period of unrelenting political upheaval known as the Roman Revolution, the Late Roman Republic, or the Fall of the Republic, 133-27 BC." This is why the Roman Republic lasted for about 106 years.
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What type of current modern government gets its basis from the Roman Republic?

The type of current modern government gets it's basis from the Roman Republic is the U.S Government because the U.S took some of the Roman Republic's fair laws. On http://www.unrv.com/government.php, it states, "Since the Ancient Romans did not want one man to make all of the laws, they decided to balance the power of the government between three branches, there was first the executive branch, then the legislative branch, and finally the judicial branch." This is one of the many things the U.S Government took from the Roman Republic's Government.

What was the name of the groups of leaders who advised and guided the consuls?

The name of the groups of leaders who advised and guided the consuls are the Senators. On http://spartacus-educational.com/ROMrepublican.htm, it states, " The senators could advise but it was the consuls who made the decisions." This means that Senators that advised and guided the consuls.
History Summarized: The Roman Republic

How does the United States’s checks and balances relate to the Roman Republic?

The United States checks and balances relate to the Roman Republic is that both need to view system checks and balances to see that no branch has more power than the other branches. On http://www.calaveras.k12.ca.us/07%20Schools/chs/teachers/wgissler/similaritiesdifferencesromansandus.htm, it states, " System of checks and balances to see that no single branch of government was stronger than another. The veto is idea taken from the Romans." This is how the United States checks and balances relate to the Roman Republic.
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Compare and contrast the United States’s government with that of the Roman Republic.

Some similarities from the Roman Government and the United States Government are that they both feature the Executive and Legislative branches, both governments had their checks and balances embedded and both lead executives have veto power. Some differences between the Roman Government and the United States Government is that Roman Consuls ( 2 people) had served for 1-year terms while U.S president's (1 person) had served 4-year terms, the Roman Government did not had a separate judicial branch while the U.S Government had a separate judicial branch and Roman Senators served for life while American Senators served for 6-year terms. On http://6thgradeciv.wikispaces.com/Comparing+the+Roman+Republic+and+US+Government,
it states some of the similarities and differences I had in my answer.

Evaluate the Roman Republic

In the Roman Republic, it started out with the census. For every 5 years, each Roman male has to register in Rome for the Census. He had to declare his family, riches, slaves, wives and children. If any of the Roman Men fail to do this, all of his riches will be confiscated and he would be sold into slavery. In the civilized city, the concept of Roman life seemed to center around the city, be this the city of Rome itself or any other town. A truly Roman civilized citizen had to be more educated or successful. A Roman needed a community, a family or at least a group of friends around him. If Romans lived in cities throughout the empire, then their greatest city, naturally, was the city of Rome itself. Had originally started as a small settlement on the Palatine Hill it had grown into the greatest city of the ancient world. People in the Forum varied considerably as the day went by. The life in Forum reaches it' height at 11:00 every day (Rome's fifth hour). Wheeled vehicles were prohibited from driving on the streets of Rome from sunrise to 4:00pm (Rome's tenth hour). Romans get up early and start a 6 hour day. The women stayed home. Ostia was a hive of activity because goods are coming overseas on ships and was loaded onto barges and was carried up the river to the great capital. I use http://www.roman-empire.net/society/society.html#work to help me answer this question.

If you create your own Government, what pieces of the Roman Republic's Government would you include?

If I create my own Government, pieces of the Roman Republic's Government I would include are the 2 consuls, the Senators and the Assembly because the consuls they can choose the Senators, they ran the government, overseeing the work of other government officials, they directed (commended) the army, they acted like judges and in an emergency, consuls can choose a dictator as a single ruler to make quick decisions. Also, the Senators advised the consuls and the assembly, directed spending, including tax money, approve or disapprove laws made by the Assembly and made decisions concerning relationships with foreign powers. In addition to this, the assembly elected the 2 consuls, elected government officials including judges, voted on laws suggested by government officials and declared war or peace.

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