Tiger

Panthera tigris

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Classification

Domain Eukaryota: All cells in this group have a nucleus. Includes the organisms that most people are most familiar with - all animals, plants, fungi, and protists.Four Kingdoms fit in this Domain. Which are kingdoms Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.


Kingdom Animalia: All members of this kingdom are animals. All members of this kingdom are multicellular. All members of this kingdom can move at some point in their life.


Phylum Chordata: Members of this phylum have a complete digestive system, bilateral symmetry, and three germ layers and a well-devloped coelom. Coelom= the body cavity of higher metazoans, between the body wall and intestine, lined with a mesodermal epithelium.


Subphylum Vertebrata: Members of this subphylum have a backbone. They also all have a well developed coelom which contains the viscera. And A complicated nervous system.


Class Mammalia: All members of this class have have hair at some point, a lower jaw made of a one bone, and production of milk by modified sweat glands.


Order Carnivora: Members of this order have simple stomachs, enlarged fourth upper premolar and first lower molar ( makes it easier to cutting meat), and a strong zygomatic arch and a relatively large braincase. Zygomatic arch is the bony arch at the outer border of the eye socket. Braincase is basically the cranium.


Family Felide: Members of this family have a short rostrum and tooth row, well developed carnassials, and cryptically colored coats. Carnassials are teeth adapted for shearing flesh. Includes only cats.


Genus Panthera: This Genus only includes roaring cats.


Species: Panthera tigris.

Description

  • Weight: Males weigh 310-675 pounds. Females weigh about 100-150 pounds.
  • Length: Head and body length 4.6 - 9.2 feet. Tail length 2-3 feet.
  • Height: 3/3 ½ feet at shoulders.
  • Colors: It"s coat is a fawn or rufous red/orange ground color. Color becomes darker southward through the animal's range. The coat has black to blackish brown stripes. Underparts of the tiger are white. This provides excellent camouflage for the tiger.
  • Diet: Tigers have a huge diet here are some animals they like to eat. Termites, elephant calves, moose, deer species, pigs, cows, horses, buffalo, goats, tapirs, rhinoceros calves, bear species, leopards, and Asiatic wild dogs.
  • Predators: Here are some predators of tigers. Buffalo, bears, elephants, and humans. Some of the animals tigers eat also kill tigers.
  • Habitat: Tigers live in a wide variety of habitats.They are known to occur in tropical lowland evergreen forest, monsoonal forest, dry thorn forest, scrub oak and birch woodlands, tall grass jungles, and mangrove swamps.
  • Natural Range: Historic tiger range ran from Turkey through South and Southeast Asia to the far eastern shores of the continent. Today, they are only found in South and Southeast Asia, China and the Russian Far East.

Physical Adaptations

A tigers coat is a red/orange desert ground color. With black to blackish brown vertical stripes. It's underparts are white or dark white color. It's coat becomes a darker orange color southward through the tigers body range. This provides very good camouflage for the tiger. Tigers have short necks that are thick, wide strong shoulders, and big forelimbs which are good for grappling their prey. Tigers have long retractible claws and big strong forepaws. A tiger’s tongue is covered with hard papillae, to scrape off the flesh that is stuck to the bones of prey. Papillae is a hard hooked shaped bump that looks like a fishing hook. Tigers have a well-developed sagittal crest and coronoid processes, providing muscle attachment for their strong bite. Tigers make great use of their vision for everyday functions. Particularly for hunting during the darkness or the limited visibility of dusk or storms. Tigers have binocular vision. This enables them to be able to use their sense of depth perception to judge distances, giving their pouncing and jumping actions a distinct accuracy.

Behavior Adaptations

Tigers stock their prey. Tigers stock their prey so they can see when the best time to attack is. Also so they can get as close to their prey as possible without being seen. Tigers prefer to hunt in thick rain forest or forest. They also hunt along routes where they can move quietly and get around without being seen as fast as possible. Tigers are most active at night. They are mostly nocturnal (more active at night) and like to hunt at night. Tigers are predators that like to use the element of surprise on their prey. They rely on the camouflage that their red/orange coat provides. Tigers use their body weight to knock prey drown and kills their prey usually with a strong bite to the neck. They are also very good at swimming. Tigers usually live lives alone, except during mating season and when females have the young. They are usually territorial and mark their large home ranges.

References

Amur Tiger [Fact sheet]. (n.d.). Retrieved from WorldWildLife website: https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/amur-tiger


Basic facts about tigers [Fact sheet]. (n.d.). Retrieved from Defenders of
wildlife website: http://www.defenders.org/tiger/basic-facts


Burton, M. (2002). Tiger. In International wildlife encyclopedia (3rd ed., Vol.
19, pp. 2683-2685). New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.


Dacres, K. 2007. "Panthera tigris" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed
March 11, 2015 at: http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Panthera_tigris/


Tigers diet and eating habits [Fact sheet]. (n.d.). Retrieved from SeaWorld
Parks and Entertainment website:

http://seaworld.org/en/animal-info/animal-infobooks/tiger/diet-and-eating-habits/


Tiger threats [Fact sheet]. (n.d.). Retrieved from Tiger World website:

http://www.tigers-world.com/tiger-predators/


The vertebrata [Fact sheet]. (n.d.). Retrieved from earthlife.net website:
http://www.earthlife.net/inverts/vertebrata.html