Subcutaneuous

From a Forensic Antropologist

Cells:

Fat cells: also known as adipocytes, store excess energy from foods as fat. Fat cells are usually found between the skin and muscle (subcutaneous fat) and around the organs in the main body cavities.


Areolar cells: found in both the dermis and subcutaneous layers of the skin. It is a loose connective tissue that consists of a meshwork of collagen, elastic, and reticular fibers, its job is to bind with different tissue types.


Adipose cells: there are two types of adipose cells, white adipose cells which contain large fat droplets, and only a small amount of cytoplasm. Brown adipose cells contain fat droplets of differing sizes, and there usually a large amount of cytoplasm.


Damages that could be present:

Subcutaneous Emphysema- occurs when gas or air is present in the subcutaneuous layer of the skin. Often associated with swelling of the neck and chest pain, and may also involve sore throat, neck and chest pain, and may also involve sore throat, difficulty swallowing, wheezing and difficulty breathing.



Hypothermia- The subcutaneous fat layer thins, reducing its normal insulation and padding. This increases your risk of skin injury and reduces your ability to maintain body temperature. Also, because you have less natural insulation, you can get hypothermia in cold weather situations. Hypothermia is the condition of having an abnormally low body temperature, and typically one that is dangerously low.

Function of the Subcutaneous Layer:

Functions of the Subcutaneous layer would include the following:


  1. Storing Nutrients
  2. Insulation (Body temperature regulation)
  3. Acts as cushion for the outer layer of the skin (Epidermis)
  4. Gives smoothness and contour to the body
  5. Contains fat for use of energy
  6. Acts as a mechanical shock absorber



Layers of the Subcutaneous Layer:

The Subcutaneous layer is the lowest layer of the skin and it contains larger veins and arteries. It contains larger veins and arteries because since its the lowest layer of the skin, its function is to conserve the body's heat and protect the body from any injury.


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