By Julia & Jenny
Metrodora, who was generally regarded as the first female medical writer, lived from 200-400 CE. She was a Greek female physician and author of the oldest medical text known to have been written by a woman, On the Diseases and Cures of Women.
Her medical work covers many areas of medicine, including gynecology. It was widely referenced by other medical writers in ancient Greece and Rome, and was also translated and published in Medieval Europe.