James I (ENGLAND)

Kimberly, Chris, Isaac

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Biography


Born: June 19, 1566 at Edinburgh Castle, Scotland

Parents: Mary, Queen of Scots, and Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley

Ascended to the throne: March 24, 1603 aged 36 years
Crowned: July 25, 1603 at Westminster Abbey, also as James VI of Scotland at Stirling Castle on July 29, 1567

Died: March 27, 1625 at Theobalds Park, Hertfordshire, aged 58 years, 9 months, and 7 days
Buried at: Westminster
Reigned for: 22 years, and 3 days, King of Scotland for 57 years 1567-1625
Succeeded by: his son Charles

Major Accomplishments


  • In the 1580s and 1590s, at the age of 18 the king promoted literature in Scotland and was also part of the literary and art group Scottish Jacobean court poets. He participated in the major literary and art activities of his time and has been credited by the Scots for influencing the English Renaissance poetry and drama.
  • Wars and feuds were at bay and England was at peace, under the reign of James. He brought an end to the ongoing Anglo–Spanish War and attempted to curtail the long term hatred between the two kingdoms by signing a peace treaty.
  • James proclaims that smoking is harmful to the lungs and imposes a tax on tobacco.
  • He made a new banqueting house Whitehall Palace in London, who was designed by the architect Inigo Jones.

Relation to Absolute Monarchy and Divine Right


James established a basic idea for monarchy by writing two works called " The Trew Law of Free Monarchies". The work explains that the divine rights of Kings is about the belief that the King/Queen had a royal absolutism on their people by saying that his right to rule came directly form the will of god and anybody who oppose it shall be a traitor to god. The work lead to a creation of a theory of Absolute Monarchy in which the King could Impose laws as he please with no opposition at all. He also stated that the King owned the entire area they command because they arose first than any system of government and that the land was since the beginning fully theirs. Creating the idea that the Kings were the creators of law and not vise verse causing the Parliament to be looked at like the Head Court of the King.

Legacy


  • James had a marriage by proxy with Anne of Denmark, younger daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark in August 1589. They were legally married on 23 November.


  • The couple had three children; Henry Frederick, who died in 1612 at the age of 18, Elizabeth, who became the queen of Bohemia; and Charles, his heir.


  • In 1619, Anne passed away and the king never married again. At the age of fifty, he began to suffer from arthritis and was also found to have developed kidney stones. Before his death, his arthritis took a toll on his health, often losing consciousness and later he suffered a stroke. A severe bout of dysentery took his life and his body was put to rest in Westminster Abbey.


  • Upon his death his son Charles was crowned the King of England and Scotland.