John Cabot

The Second Voyage to our new land and Cipangu

John Cabot

John Cabot's Bio

John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) was born during the year 1450 in Genoa, Italy. He moved to Venice in 1451 and after becoming a Venetian citizen in 1476 likely worked as a merchant in the spice trade of the Eastern Mediterranean. During this time he learned map making and navigation. After Christopher Columbus discovered a supposed rout to Asia via a western voyage John Cabot made to Bristol England and convinced the Crown that England could claim land in Asia, reaching it by a more northerly route.

The First Voyage

After Cabot and is son received permission from the Crown in 1496 to carry out this exploit; Cabot along with his 18 men and the ship Matthew set sail from Bristol in 1497 to explore and claim the new world. On June 24, they made land fall and explored the area seeing signs of habitation but no natives present. Cabot claimed the land for King Henry raising two flags one of England and one of Venice.

While in the new world he named features of the region including St. John, Cape Discovery, trinity Islands, England's Cape, and St. George's Cape. In August of 1497 he returned to Bristol.


To see the rout he is thought to have traveled see (Figure 1).

Flag of Venice

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The Second Voyage

The second voyage began with Cabot's proposition, to King Henry (VII) in 1497, that he depart and venture to Cipangu (Japan) by passing the land he had discovered and claimed. In February Cabot received approval from the crown to make this voyage. The party is currently composed of five ships and about two hundred men all prepared to depart from Bristol in May.

Summery

1. Born - 1450 in Genoa, Italy

2. Who he Sailed for - Sailed for England (Possibly Venice also) and Briton.

3. Routes Taken - (Figure 1)

4. Years of Exploration - 1497 &1498

5. Places Discovered - Lands in the Newfoundland

6. Amazing Feats - Sailed to the New World and back with a crew of only nineteen men including himself.

7. Accomplishments - Claimed land for England and paved the way for further discovery and colonization.

8. His Characteristics - Seemingly curious, intellectual, and opinionated.

9. Purpose of his Voyages - The first voyage was intended to discover a rout to Asia by traveling west and claim land for England in Asia. The second voyage was intended to reach Japan (Cipangu) by passing the land he had previously discovered.

10. Outcome of his voyages - He found Newfoundland areas of Canada and established English presence in the new world during his first voyage. During the second voyage one of his ships sought anchorage in Ireland and the rest of the company is believed by some to have been shipwrecked due to a storm. John Cabot was presumed dead in 1499.

11. Any Significant Events that Occurred During his Voyages - John Cabot claimed land for England (and possibly Venice but unlikely). Found evidence of human inhabitance but supposedly saw no one.

12. Relevant Pictures, Graphics, etc. -

Rout: (Figure 1)

Ship: The Matthew: (Figure 2)

Figure 1

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Figure 2

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