Johnson

November 22, 1963 - January 20, 1969

Important Events of Presidency

  • Succeeded to presidency after assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.
  • Vietnam conflict continues - 1963-1969
  • Civil Rights Act - 1964
  • Twenty-fourth Amendment ratified outlawing the poll tax - 1964
  • Medicare and Medicaid - 1965
  • Twenty-Fifth Amendment ratified; order of succession for the presidency - 1967
  • MLK, Jr. assassinated - 1968
  • Robert Kennedy assassinated - 1968
  • Pueblo Incident - 1968
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Election of 1963

  • Won with 43,129,566 votes VS 27,178,188 votes, and Electoral College was 486 to 52
  • After Kennedy's Assassination
  • LBJ- Democrat
  • He won by a massive margin
  • Carried 44 States
  • Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson beats five-term Senator of Arizona Barry Goldwater
  • Goldwater voted against the civil rights act
  • Goldwater was a strong conservative Republican

The Great Society

Congress passed tons of legislation under Johnson → Great Society

  • There was an escalating War on Poverty- doubled funding of the Office of Economic Opportunity $2 Billion


  • Big 4 legislative achievements

    • 1- aid to education

      • went straight to students

    • 2- medical care for eledery & poor

      • 1965- Medicare (old) & Medicaid (poor)

    • 3- immigration reform

      • Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965-

        • abolished quota system

        • Doubled # of immigrants allowed to enter country anually

        • shifted immigration from Europe → Latin America & Asia

    • 4- new voting rights bill


  • National Endowments for the Arts and the Humanities- designed to ^ level of US cultural life


  • created 2 new cabinet offices

    • Department of Transportation

    • Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

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The 24th Amendment (ID)

  • Passed- January 23, 1964
  • Proposes the idea that all American citizens, no matter race nor ethnicity, has the right to vote.
  • Johnson was the president at the time during ratification
  • No government officials can deny the right


African Americans continued to be targeted… bombs exploded in in churches,etc. Hard for them to vote still.

Tonkin Gulf Resolution (ID) and Vietnam War

  • August 7, 1964
  • Military had designed major attacks on the North, Johnson thought the public would not support expansion of war
  • Gave broad congressional approval for expansion of the Vietnam War
  • Goldwater, Republican nominee, criticized Johnson for not taking action
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Civil Rights Act of 1964 (ID) and Voting Rights Act (ID)

  • Civil Rights Act signed into law by Johnson on July 2nd, 1964
  • Created Federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
  • Outlawed discrimination on race, ethnicity, sex, etc.
  • Ended racial discrimination in schools and unequal application of voter registration requirements
  • Landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the US
  • Voting Rights Act signed into law by Johnson on August 6th, 1965
  • Designed to enforce the voting rights guaranteed by the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments

1968- "A Watershed Year"

It was called a watershed year because of the flow of events that occurred


  • President Johnson Renounces Bid for Re-Election -
  • President Johnson's announcement –"I shall not seek and I will not accept the nomination of my party as your President"
  • USSR Invades Czechoslovakia
  • Robert Kennedy Announces Candidacy for President
  • Students Protest Against Dow Chemical Recruiters - March 6, 1968
  • TET Offensive Begins
  • Eugene McCarthy Gets 40% of Vote - In the New Hampshire primary
  • Nixon Protest
  • NYU "International Student Faculty Strike to Bring Troops Home"
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated - April 4, 1968
  • NYU Adopts New Minority Recruitment Policy
  • Marijuana Survey Taken
  • North Vietnam attacks 27 major south Vietnam cities
  • Columbia University Shut Down By Student Strike - April 23, 1968
  • Paris Student Protest Triggers Nationwide Crisis
  • Robert Kennedy Assassinated
  • Anti-War Protesters & Police Battle in Chicago During Democratic National Convention
  • Chi-Reston Incident
  • NYU Suspends Students for Chi-Reston Incident
  • General Strike
  • Nixon Defeats Humphrey By the Thinnest Margin In History
  • King Center Independent
  • The Hatchett Controversy - mid-September 1968
  • Hatchett Fired - October 11, 1968