Cold War - Timeline

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First use of atomic bomb in WW2 - August 1945

On the sixth of August 1945 the first atomic bomb was dropped onto Hiroshima in attempt to stop the second world war. The war ended after the second bomb was dropped onto Nagasaki three days later. The dropping of the bomb opened up the idea of having a war based around nuclear weapons. There had previously been an arms race between certain countries in attempting to build nuclear weapons; leaving the participating countries with powerful nuclear weapons. The ending of the war changed the dynamics of the allies and lead USA to fight with USSR over the land that they had obtained.

The below picture is of of an educational game created after WW2 to teach kids about the fatal effects of Atomic Bombs. This was taught because many thought that a nuclear war could bombard countries during the cold war.

The Truman Doctrine - 1947

The Truman Doctrine was a speech made by Harry Truman in attempt to deter people from communism. The speech created panic and united people together by creating a common goal. The Truman Doctrine contributed in creating a more intense divide between USSR and USA. THe result of the speech convinced americans to support Greece and Turkey to fight off the communists.

The below photograph is of President Truman making his historic speech to congress on the 12th of March 1947.

USA helps fight war in Greek Civil War - 1947

On March 12, 1947 President Harry S Truman developed a policy known as "The Truman Doctrine" to support Greece and Turkey economically and militarily. A purpose of the policy was to help protect these two nations from communist control of the Soviet Union. The Greek Civil war began between the Greek governmental army supported by the united states and the united kingdom against the Democratic Army of Greece. Truman entered the war because he believed that there was a threat towards international peace and national security. Truman entered the war to aid reason with the Totalitarian issues and support Turkey and Greece from falling to communism. Britain had currently been supporting Greece but could no longer afford for their troops to remain there. Truman had recieved the agreement of americans to support Greece in this conquest.

The Image to the right is of american troops fighting in the greek civil war.

Marshall Plan - June 1947

The Secretary of state proposed a plan in which USA would give money and equipment to help countries rebuild. By 1952, sixteen countries had received $17 billion in the journey of recovering from the war. The plan was thought of 'like a lifeline to sinking men' (Ernest Bevin). The plan also deepened the wedge between the west and the east, because it formed a competition with USSR, with the Capitalists gaining more supporters.

Below is a cartoon portraying how America was supporting Europe using the Marshall Plan.

The Berlin Blockade - June 24 1948

Stalin tried to starve the people of West Berlin into submission. Stalin had been worried about news of a new currency for the west of Berlin that would divide Germany. Stalin used his control by blocking the land routes into West Berlin. This showed an inhumane fierce side to Stalin during The Cold War. THe blockade ended on May the twelfth 1949 with the defeat of Stalin.

The cartoon below perceives Stalins actions in blocking Berlin from it's necessary exported resources.

The Berlin Airlift - 1948

The Berlin airlift was America's response to the Berlin Blockade. America had three choices of response; the airlift, send in troops (which could lead to a full-scale war), or give up. The option of the Airlift was chosen by Truman and Berlin was supplied with food. This led to Stalin admitting that his siege to starve out West Berlin had failed.

The map below shows the divide within Berlin of Germany and the air paths that were used for the travel of the airlifts.

Formation of NATO - April 1949

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was set up as a commitment from America of its help in the case of an emergency. The creation of NATO showed Truman's determination in stopping the spread of communism. The alliance was dominated by USA; the formation of NATO by the western allies was a result of the Berlin Blockage. The treaty caused stronger alliances and a stronger divide between the east and the west.

Below is a map of the countries allied with NATO and the Warsaw Pact.

Forming the Warsaw Pact - May 1955

In response to the western allies forming the NATO alliance, the Soviet Union set up its own military association. It was established under a treaty called the Warsaw Pact in 1955; It was an Eastern German alliance. The formation of the Warsaw Pact led to three decades of the forces of NATO and the Warsaw Pact facing off each other whilst preparing for war.

The cartoon below shows the cold fighting between the two divided allies.

Berlin border closes - 1961

The Red Army captured Berlin at the end of World War 2, Berlin was then divided between France, Untied States, United Kingdom and the Soviet Russia. On the 13th of August The Soviet Union closed the border between the East (USSR) and West (France, US and UK) of Berlin. On August the 17th The Soviet Union started to build the Berlin Wall. The construction of the wall showed that Germans were not happy living in Communist East Germany; it was an example of embarrassment to the Soviets.

The wall was a symbol of the growing tensions between the westernized government and the communist Soviet Union; and showed a physical divide.

Below is a picture of what the Berlin Wall at the times of this divide.

Vietnam War - 1964

The vietnam war began in 1964, it was fought in South Vietnam and bordering areas of cambodia and laos. The war assembled South Vietnam with the help of the capitalist United States, Australia and South Korea against North Vietnam with its allies in South Vietnam, known as the Viet Cong and was supported with the military aid from USSR.

The vietnam War was part of the larger regional conflict of the Cold War. As the US entered the war to reach an objective; to stop communist expansion. The goal was not achieved through the was proposing the loss of the war by the US. The North Vietnamese ultimately won the war, assuming control from the Viet Cong and defeating the forces of the South once the US had withdrawn its forces. They unified Vietnam into one and controlled under communist rule.

The below map shows the positioning of North and South Vietnam and the bordering countries

Yom Kippur War - 1973

On October 6, 1973, Egyptian and Syrian forces launched a coordinated attack against Israel on Yom Kippur, the holiest day in the Jewish calendar. Taking the Israeli Defence Forces by surprise, Egyptian troops swept deep into the Sinai Peninsula, while Syria struggled to throw occupying Israeli troops out of the Golan Heights. Israel counterattacked and recaptured the Golan Heights. A cease-fire went into effect on October 25, 1973. The war heightened tensions in the Cold War as israel was supported by USA and Egypt and Syria by USSR.

Below is a map of where the attacks had occurred in Israel.