Social and Emotional

Effect of Heredity and Environmental Factors

Developing of the brain makes the focus on establishing an identity and becoming more independent. This is referring to the Heredity factors.

Adolescents want to fit in with the crowd and to be accepted; if they are not accepted they could turn to drugs and eating disorders. This is referring to the Environmental factors.

Effects of Life Events

1. Puberty
  • Social: They become less active and private
  • Emotional: They may feel depressed and self conscious

2. Dating

  • Social: They start to focus on the relationship more which sometimes causes them loose their friends
  • Emotional: They become moody and distant

3. Extracurricular Activities

  • Social: They seem to get closer to teammates and further away from their friends outside of the activity
  • Emotional: They become tired, irritable, and more competitive

4. Peer Pressure

  • Social: They can turn to drugs and drinking which can lead to substance abuse
  • Emotional: They could become insecure and loose their self identity

5. Cultural Influences

  • Social: They can have limits on their friends and become sheltered by their families
  • Emotional: They can start to question what and who they are; they do not have a self identity

Role of Communications

Teens begin to look for an identity and try to find who they are. They start using social networks to talk to other people. Some even turn to their parents for advice. They also want to explore more and see what is in the world. Most try to be more responsible and independent. By thinking more about what is right and wrong.

They get influenced by friends more and more. They want to start dating and try to find "the one." Most teens don't let this get very intimate until later on in life.

Role of Nurture

  • Adolescents need love and support from parents, siblings, friends, teachers, peers, etc.
  • Poverty, malnutrition, and lack of adequate medical care can alter their developmental path.
  • Cultural heritage and diversity can enrich their life, and the neighborhood where they live can determine the schools and peer groups that they would have


Adolescence are very influential at this part of their lifespan. They start getting advice from family and friends. They also start to care and learn what is right and wrong. They are very opinionated and start developing their own morals. Their morals are based on how they feel about certain things and how they were raised.


"Social Development During the Teen Years." Social Development During the Teen Years. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Mar. 2014. <>.

"Social and emotional changes in adolescence." Social and emotional changes in teenagers. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Mar. 2014. <>.

Kato, Sharleen L.. "Adolescence: Ages 11 through 19." Lifespan Development . Tinley Park: Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc., 2014. 220-234. Print.