Language Arts 7th Grade
What I've learned this year! By Ginny Broussard
Chapter 1- The Sentence (Subject and Predicate, Kinds of sentences)
The complete subject is the main word or word group that tells whom or what the sentence is about. The predicate of a sentence tells something about the subject. The simple predicate, or verb, is the main word or word group that tells something about the subject. The complete predicate consists of a verb and all the words that describe the verb and complete its meaning. A compound subject consist of two or more subjects that joined by a conjunction and that have the same verb. A compound verb consists of two or more verbs that are joined by a conjunction and that have the same subject. A declarative sentence makes a statement end with a period. An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. A string command ends with an exclamation point. An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark. An exclamatory sentence shows excitement or expresses strong feelings and ends with an exclamation point.
Sentence Example- She won the prize at the race.
Sentence Fragment Example- Winning the prize. (Does NOT have a subject)
Subject Example- Kelsey is the one who gave the girl the prize.
Simple Subject Example- Is the winner of the race present?
Complete Subject Example- The four girls that came early.
Predicate Example- The phone rang.
Simple Predicate (Verb) Example- Ginny Broussard broke the vase.
Complete Predicate- Ginny Broussard broke the vase.
Compound Subject Example- Emily and Kelsey are my best friends.
Compound Verb Example- The rain has fallen for days and is still falling.
Declarative Sentence Example- I was born in Louisiana.
Imperative Sentence Example- Don't you ever do that again.
Interrogative Sentence Example- Why did you go to the park without me?
Exclamatory Sentence Example- I love my birthday party!
Chapter 2- Parts of Speech (Noun, Pronoun, and Adjective)
Noun- We went to the beach.
Compound Noun- Thar is my favorite place to go!
Proper Noun- We went to Orlando for the summer.
Common Noun- The girl liked the beach.
Concrete Noun- We ate pop sickles on the beach.
Abstract Noun- We love the beach so much!
Collective Noun- They had a class of fish in the ocean.
Pronoun- Did she pick up her pool toys?
Antecedent- Walking the dog on the beach is really fun when you do it with a friend.
Personal Pronoun- I went to the mall after we went swimming.
Reflexive Pronoun- I enjoyed myself on the beach.
Intensive Pronoun- I myself went to the pool.
Demonstrative Pronoun- This is the best vacation ever!
Interrogative Pronoun- What did you say about the park?
Indefinite Pronoun- All of the park was full of people
Relative Pronoun- Ginny, Kelsey, and Emily, who went to the beach this summer, loves to go swimming.
Adjective- She was nice when I went t her house.
Articles- A cat meowed.
Indefinite Articles- An animal is a very strong thing.
Definite Article- I went to the park.
Demonstrative Adjectives- This is my house, and that is his house.
Demonstrative Pronouns- These keys are a lot bigger that those keys.
Proper Adjectives- The Thanksgiving dinner was amazing.
Chapter 3- Parts of Speech Overview (Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection)
Verb- We were walking in the park.
Action Verb- The cat plays with the ball.
Linking Verb- She is her grandmother.
Helping Verb- She has been going to the park everyday.
Verb Phrase- I can speak many languages.
Transitive Verb- She greeted the men and women at the park.
Intransitive Verb- The girl stopped.
Adverb- The girl ran fast.
Preposition- I went through the store.
Prepositional Phrase- I went under the bridge.
Object of the Preposition- We went to the park.
Conjunction- We would have gone but it was too packed.
(1)Coordinating Conjunctions- Ginny or Kelsey will go to the park.
(2)Correlative Conjunctions- Both sisters and Ginny went to the park.
Interjection- Wow! That was a good throw!
Chapter 4- Complements (Direct and Indirect Objects, Subject Complements)
Complement- He home is important.
Direct Object- She worked the ball with her hands.
Indirect Object- The cop gave her the ticket.
Subject Complement- The racetrack looks slippery.
Predicate Nominative- A phone is a valuable tool.
Predicate Adjective- Cold water tastes great on a cold day.
Chapter 5- The Phrase (Prepositional and Verbal Phrases)
Phrase- On the paper
Prepositional Phrase- We went into the old house.
Adjective Phrase- We downloaded the song by Adele.
Adverb Phrase- We found a cat at the old house.
(1)Present Participles- We were burning the wood.
(2)Past Participles- We skated on the frozen pond.
Participle Phrase- As we walked, we saw a rat.
Infinitive- I am going to shop for new shoes.
Infinitive Phrase- To be a good dancer takes a lot of hard work.
Chapter 6- The Clause (Independent and Subordinate Clauses)
Independent (or main) Clause- My mother drove me to school.
Subordinate (or dependent) Clause- If the dress is too long, we will hem it.
Adjective Clause- I want a bicycle that I can ride over through ground.
Adverb Clause- Because Kelsey was brave, she battled the lion.
Chapter 7- Kinds of Sentence Structure (Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex Sentences)
Simple Sentence- The good rain(S) will help(V) the farmers.
Compound Sentence- Ginny wrote about her aunt.
Complex Sentence- Kelsey, Ginny, Emily, and Victoria, who are all best friends, went to the park together last weekend.
Compound-Complex- When we go on vacation, our neighbors mow our lawn and collect our mail.
Chapter 8- Agreement (Subject and Verb, Pronoun and Antecedent)
Singular- The person was very loud.
Plural- The people were very loud.
Antecedent- I love our fluffy puppy.
Chapter 9- Using Verbs Correctly (Principal Parts, Regular and Irregular Verbs, Tense, Voice)
Base Form- Draw
Present Participle- [is] drawing
Past Participle- [have] drawn
Regular Verb- Ginny draws trampolines on her free time.
Irregular Verb- Ginny is drawing trampolines on her free time.
Tense- Yesterday, Kelsey served a lot of food.
Active Voice- Kelsey is serving a lot of food.
Passive Voice- Kelsey was serving a lot food.
Chapter 10- Using Pronouns Correctly (Nominative and Objective Case Forms)
Subject- That vase is very old.
Predicate Nominative- They should have gotten the award.
Direct Object- Mom called me to the phone.
Indirect Object- The person handed her the name tag.
Object of the Preposition- We went into the house.
Chapter 11- Using Modifiers Correctly (Comparison and Placement)
Adjective- She gave a big leap for the team.
Adverb- She cheered loudly.
Positive Degree- The suit case is heavy.
Comparative Degree- My suit case is heavier than yours.
Superlative Degree- My suit case is the heaviest of them all.
Prepositional Phrase- We went into the air port.
Participial Phrase- Walking to school, Ginny, Kelsey, Emily, and Vicky found a wallet
Adjective Clause- The Forth of July picnic that we had in the park was fun.