Basic First Aid info for Adults

Controlling External Bleeding

If a adult is cut or hurt and starts bleeding it is important to follow the simple logical steps of:

Covering the wound

applying direct pressure until bleeding stops

cover the dressing with a bandage

and if the bleeding doesn't stop then to apply more pressure and call 9-1-1

Burns

Burns can be a serious injury so after checking the scene of the incident, and the injured adult, you should follow these following steps to address the injury:

-Remove from source of the burn

- cool the burn with cold running water at least until pain is relieved

-cover loosely with sterile dressing

and if the burn is severe enough then call 911 or the local emergency number and monitor the adult for shock.

Poisoning

Since poison is such a life-threatening (such as if the adult is unconscious or is not breathing or if a change in the level of consciousness occurs), Call 911 or if conscious and alert, Call the national poison control center (PCC) hotline and follow advice given.
Big image

Head, neck or spinal injuries

If an adult is displaying signs of a head, neck or spinal injury you should Immediately call 911. While you are waiting for the EMS and EMT you should try to minimize movement of the injured part and stabilize the head manually (providing support by placing your hands on both sides of the head and NOT moving the head if it is sharply turned to one side.
Big image

Stroke

An easy way to remember how to check to see if an adult had a stroke is to Think FAST.

Face— Ask the person to smile. Does one side of face droop?

Arm— Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?

Speech— Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence (such as, “The sky is blue.”). Is the speech slurred? Can the person repeat the sentence correctly?

Time— CALL 9-1-1 immediately if you see any signals of a stroke. Try to determine the time when signals first appeared. Note the time of onset of signals and report it to the call taker or EMS personnel when they arrive.

Big image